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Educational interventions to improve recognition of delirium: a systematic review.

dc.contributor.author Heflin, Mitchell Tod
dc.contributor.author Wieland, Darryl
dc.contributor.author Yanamadala, Mamata
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-02T18:26:59Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-02T18:26:59Z
dc.date.issued 2013-11
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24219200
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/14763
dc.description.abstract Delirium is a common and serious condition that is underrecognized in older adults in a variety of healthcare settings. It is poorly recognized because of deficiencies in provider knowledge and its atypical presentation. Early recognition of delirium is warranted to better manage the disease and prevent the adverse outcomes associated with it. The purpose of this article is to review the literature concerning educational interventions focusing on recognition of delirium. The Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL) databases were searched for studies with specific educational focus in the recognition of delirium, and 26 studies with various designs were identified. The types of interventions used were classified according to the Predisposing, Reinforcing and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE) model, and outcomes were sorted according to Kirkpatrick's hierarchy. Educational strategies combining predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors achieved better results than strategies that included one or two of these components. Studies using predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing strategies together were more often effective in producing changes in staff behavior and participant outcomes. Based on this review, improvements in knowledge and skill alone seem insufficient to favorably influence recognition of delirium. Educational interventions to recognize delirium are most effective when formal teaching is interactive and is combined with strategies including engaging leadership and using clinical pathways and assessment tools. The goal of the current study was to systematically review the published literature to determine the effect of educational interventions on recognition of delirium.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof J Am Geriatr Soc
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/jgs.12522
dc.subject delirium
dc.subject education
dc.subject recognition
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Delirium
dc.subject Health Personnel
dc.subject Humans
dc.title Educational interventions to improve recognition of delirium: a systematic review.
dc.type Journal article
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24219200
pubs.begin-page 1983
pubs.end-page 1993
pubs.issue 11
pubs.organisational-group Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Medicine, Geriatrics
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 61
dc.identifier.eissn 1532-5415


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