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A novel framework for analyzing conservation impacts: evaluation, theory, and marine protected areas.

dc.contributor.author Mascia, Michael B
dc.contributor.author Fox, Helen E
dc.contributor.author Glew, Louise
dc.contributor.author Ahmadia, Gabby N
dc.contributor.author Agrawal, Arun
dc.contributor.author Barnes, Megan
dc.contributor.author Basurto, Xavier
dc.contributor.author Craigie, Ian
dc.contributor.author Darling, Emily
dc.contributor.author Geldmann, Jonas
dc.contributor.author Gill, David
dc.contributor.author Holst Rice, Susie
dc.contributor.author Jensen, Olaf P
dc.contributor.author Lester, Sarah E
dc.contributor.author McConney, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Mumby, Peter J
dc.contributor.author Nenadovic, Mateja
dc.contributor.author Parks, John E
dc.contributor.author Pomeroy, Robert S
dc.contributor.author White, Alan T
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-01T14:18:33Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-01T14:18:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28719737
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15410
dc.description.abstract Environmental conservation initiatives, including marine protected areas (MPAs), have proliferated in recent decades. Designed to conserve marine biodiversity, many MPAs also seek to foster sustainable development. As is the case for many other environmental policies and programs, the impacts of MPAs are poorly understood. Social-ecological systems, impact evaluation, and common-pool resource governance are three complementary scientific frameworks for documenting and explaining the ecological and social impacts of conservation interventions. We review key components of these three frameworks and their implications for the study of conservation policy, program, and project outcomes. Using MPAs as an illustrative example, we then draw upon these three frameworks to describe an integrated approach for rigorous empirical documentation and causal explanation of conservation impacts. This integrated three-framework approach for impact evaluation of governance in social-ecological systems (3FIGS) accounts for alternative explanations, builds upon and advances social theory, and provides novel policy insights in ways that no single approach affords. Despite the inherent complexity of social-ecological systems and the difficulty of causal inference, the 3FIGS approach can dramatically advance our understanding of, and the evidentiary basis for, effective MPAs and other conservation initiatives.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Ann N Y Acad Sci
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/nyas.13428
dc.subject biodiversity conservation
dc.subject common-pool resources
dc.subject ecological integrity
dc.subject governance
dc.subject human well-being
dc.subject impact evaluation
dc.subject protected areas
dc.subject social-ecological systems
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Aquatic Organisms
dc.subject Biodiversity
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Environmental Policy
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Marine Biology
dc.subject Models, Theoretical
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors
dc.title A novel framework for analyzing conservation impacts: evaluation, theory, and marine protected areas.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Basurto, Xavier|0514089
duke.contributor.id Gill, David|0909846
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28719737
pubs.begin-page 93
pubs.end-page 115
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Marine Science and Conservation
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 1399
dc.identifier.eissn 1749-6632
duke.contributor.orcid Basurto, Xavier|0000-0002-5321-3654
duke.contributor.orcid Gill, David|0000-0002-7550-1761


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