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Assessing Africa-Wide Pangolin Exploitation by Scaling Local Data

dc.contributor.author Ingram, DJ
dc.contributor.author Coad, L
dc.contributor.author Abernethy, KA
dc.contributor.author Maisels, F
dc.contributor.author Stokes, EJ
dc.contributor.author Bobo, KS
dc.contributor.author Breuer, T
dc.contributor.author Gandiwa, E
dc.contributor.author Ghiurghi, A
dc.contributor.author Greengrass, E
dc.contributor.author Holmern, T
dc.contributor.author Kamgaing, TOW
dc.contributor.author Ndong Obiang, AM
dc.contributor.author Poulsen, JR
dc.contributor.author Schleicher, J
dc.contributor.author Nielsen, MR
dc.contributor.author Solly, H
dc.contributor.author Vath, CL
dc.contributor.author Waltert, M
dc.contributor.author Whitham, CEL
dc.contributor.author Wilkie, DS
dc.contributor.author Scharlemann, JPW
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-02T03:24:16Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-02T03:24:16Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03
dc.identifier.issn 1755-263X
dc.identifier.issn 1755-263X
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17625
dc.description.abstract Copyright and Photocopying: © 2017 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Overexploitation is one of the main pressures driving wildlife closer to extinction, yet broad-scale data to evaluate species’ declines are limited. Using African pangolins (Family: Pholidota) as a case study, we demonstrate that collating local-scale data can provide crucial information on regional trends in exploitation of threatened species to inform conservation actions and policy. We estimate that 0.4-2.7 million pangolins are hunted annually in Central African forests. The number of pangolins hunted has increased by ∼150% and the proportion of pangolins of all vertebrates hunted increased from 0.04% to 1.83% over the past four decades. However, there were no trends in pangolins observed at markets, suggesting use of alternative supply chains. The price of giant (Smutsia gigantea) and arboreal (Phataginus sp.) pangolins in urban markets has increased 5.8 and 2.3 times respectively, mirroring trends in Asian pangolins. Efforts and resources are needed to increase law enforcement and population monitoring, and investigate linkages between subsistence hunting and illegal wildlife trade.
dc.language English
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Conservation Letters
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/conl.12389
dc.subject Science & Technology
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Biodiversity & Conservation
dc.subject Africa
dc.subject hunting
dc.subject market
dc.subject OFFTAKE
dc.subject pangolins
dc.subject trade
dc.subject wild meat
dc.subject TRADE
dc.subject SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject SYSTEM
dc.subject AREAS
dc.title Assessing Africa-Wide Pangolin Exploitation by Scaling Local Data
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Poulsen, JR|0568669
dc.date.updated 2018-11-02T03:24:12Z
pubs.begin-page e12389
pubs.end-page e12389
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 11
duke.contributor.orcid Poulsen, JR|0000-0002-1532-9808


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