Inhalant use among incarcerated adolescents in the United States: prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of use.
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OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns and correlates of inhalant use among incarcerated youth. METHOD: Residents (N=723) of 27 Missouri Division of Youth Services facilities completed interviews assessing substance use, psychiatric symptoms, antisocial traits, trauma, suicidality, and criminality. RESULTS: Participants averaged 15.5 (S.D.=1.2) years of age, were ethnically diverse, and predominantly male. More than one-third (36.9%) reported lifetime inhalant use; 47.9% of users had tried four or more inhalant products. Comparatively high rates of use were observed for Hispanic and small town/rural youth. Commonly abused agents included gasoline (22%), permanent markers (15%), computer "air duster," (15%) and spray paint (12%). Inhalant users evidenced significantly higher levels of criminal behavior, antisocial attitudes, current psychiatric symptoms, earlier onset of offending and substance use, and more extensive histories of head injury, kidney disease, hormonal problems, mental illness, suicidality, trauma, and substance-related problems than nonusers. In multiple logistic regression models, race/ethnicity, geographic area of residence, fearlessness, suicidality, and polydrug use distinguished inhalant users and nonusers. Measures of cognitive impairment, impulsivity, fearlessness, blame externalization, polydrug use, and substance-related problems were positively associated with lifetime frequency of inhalant use. CONCLUSIONS: Inhalant use was widespread in this sample and associated with serious physical and mental health impairments.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.08.023
Publication InfoWu, Li-Tzy; Howard, Matthew O; Balster, Robert L; Cottler, Linda B; & Vaughn, Michael G (2008). Inhalant use among incarcerated adolescents in the United States: prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of use. Drug and alcohol dependence, 93(3). pp. 197-209. 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.08.023. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/20044.
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Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Education/Training: Pre- and post-doctoral training in mental health service research, psychiatric epidemiology (NIMH T32), and addiction epidemiology (NIDA T32) from Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health (Maryland); Fellow of the NIH Summer Institute on the Design and Conduct of Randomized Clinical Trials.Director: Duke Community Based Substance Use Disorder Research Program.Node Principal Investigator/Director: Mid-Southern Node of the National Drug Abuse Trea