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Spatial diversification as a mechanism to adapt to environmental changes in small-scale fisheries

dc.contributor.author Gonzalez-Mon, B
dc.contributor.author Bodin, Ö
dc.contributor.author Lindkvist, E
dc.contributor.author Frawley, TH
dc.contributor.author Giron-Nava, A
dc.contributor.author Basurto, X
dc.contributor.author Nenadovic, M
dc.contributor.author Schlüter, M
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-01T15:08:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-01T15:08:10Z
dc.date.issued 2021-02-01
dc.identifier.issn 1462-9011
dc.identifier.issn 1873-6416
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22285
dc.description.abstract © 2020 The Authors Small-scale fisheries’ actors increasingly face new challenges, including climate driven shifts in marine resource distribution and productivity. Diversification of target species and fishing locations is a key mechanism to adapt to such changes and maintain fisheries livelihoods. Here we explore environmental and institutional factors mediating how patterns of spatial diversification (i.e., utilization of alternative fishing grounds) and target species diversification change over time. Using small-scale fisheries in Baja California Sur (Mexico) as a case study, we adopt a social-ecological network approach to conduct a spatially explicit analysis of fisheries landings data (2008–2016). This approach quantifies relative patterns of diversification, and when combined with a qualitative analysis of existing literature, enables us to illuminate institutional and environmental factors that may influence diversification strategies. Our results indicate that interannual changes in spatial diversification are correlated with regional oceanographic change, while illustrating the heterogeneity and dynamism of diversification strategies. Rather than acting in isolation, we hypothesize that environmental drivers likely operate in combination with existing fisheries regulations and local socioeconomic context to mediate spatial diversification. We argue that small-scale fisheries policies need to better account such linkages as we move towards an increasingly variable environment. Overall, our results highlight spatial diversification as a dynamic process and constitute an important step towards understanding and managing the complex mechanisms through which environmental changes affect small-scale fisheries.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Science and Policy
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.envsci.2020.11.006
dc.title Spatial diversification as a mechanism to adapt to environmental changes in small-scale fisheries
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Basurto, X|0514089
dc.date.updated 2021-02-01T15:07:41Z
pubs.begin-page 246
pubs.end-page 257
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group Marine Science and Conservation
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.publication-status Accepted
pubs.volume 116
duke.contributor.orcid Basurto, X|0000-0002-5321-3654


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