Now showing items 1-10 of 46
Brain-wide mapping of neural activity controlling zebrafish exploratory locomotion.
In the absence of salient sensory cues to guide behavior, animals must still execute sequences of motor actions in order to forage and explore. How such successive motor actions are coordinated to form global locomotion ...
A craniofacial-specific monosynaptic circuit enables heightened affective pain.
(Nature neuroscience, 2017-12)
Humans often rank craniofacial pain as more severe than body pain. Evidence suggests that a stimulus of the same intensity induces stronger pain in the face than in the body. However, the underlying neural circuitry for ...
A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.
(Dev Sci, 2011-11)
The adaptive behavior of primates, including humans, is often mediated by temperament. Human behavior likely differs from that of other primates in part due to temperament. In the current study we compared the reaction of ...
Freezing behaviour facilitates bioelectric crypsis in cuttlefish faced with predation risk.
(Proc Biol Sci, 2015-12-07)
Cephalopods, and in particular the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, are common models for studies of camouflage and predator avoidance behaviour. Preventing detection by predators is especially important to this group of animals, ...
Kinematic and dynamic gait compensations resulting from knee instability in a rat model of osteoarthritis.
(Arthritis Res Ther, 2012-04-17)
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) results in pain and disability; however, preclinical OA models often focus on joint-level changes. Gait analysis is one method used to evaluate both preclinical OA models and OA patients. ...
Differences in the cognitive skills of bonobos and chimpanzees.
(PLoS One, 2010-08-27)
While bonobos and chimpanzees are both genetically and behaviorally very similar, they also differ in significant ways. Bonobos are more cautious and socially tolerant while chimpanzees are more dependent on extractive foraging, ...
A Functionally Conserved Gene Regulatory Network Module Governing Olfactory Neuron Diversity.
(PLoS Genet, 2016-01)
Sensory neuron diversity is required for organisms to decipher complex environmental cues. In Drosophila, the olfactory environment is detected by 50 different olfactory receptor neuron (ORN) classes that are clustered in ...
The PsychENCODE project.
(Nat Neurosci, 2015-12)
Core and region-enriched networks of behaviorally regulated genes and the singing genome.
Songbirds represent an important model organism for elucidating molecular mechanisms that link genes with complex behaviors, in part because they have discrete vocal learning circuits that have parallels with those that ...
Event memory: A theory of memory for laboratory, autobiographical, and fictional events.
(Psychol Rev, 2015-01)
An event memory is a mental construction of a scene recalled as a single occurrence. It therefore requires the hippocampus and ventral visual stream needed for all scene construction. The construction need not come with ...