Now showing items 31-40 of 1842
A Decad(e) of Reasons to Contribute to a PLOS Community-Run Journal
(PLOS Genetics, 2015-10-05)
Age mediation of frontoparietal activation during visual feature search.
Activation of frontal and parietal brain regions is associated with attentional control during visual search. We used fMRI to characterize age-related differences in frontoparietal activation in a highly efficient feature ...
Differences in the early cognitive development of children and great apes.
(Dev Psychobiol, 2014-04)
There is very little research comparing great ape and human cognition developmentally. In the current studies we compared a cross-sectional sample of 2- to 4-year-old human children (n=48) with a large sample of chimpanzees ...
Direct and indirect reputation formation in nonhuman great apes (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus) and human children (Homo sapiens).
(J Comp Psychol, 2013-02)
Humans make decisions about when and with whom to cooperate based on their reputations. People either learn about others by direct interaction or by observing third-party interactions or gossip. An important question is ...
A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.
(Dev Sci, 2011-11)
The adaptive behavior of primates, including humans, is often mediated by temperament. Human behavior likely differs from that of other primates in part due to temperament. In the current study we compared the reaction of ...
Multitasking and Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in Pay-for-Performance in Health Care: Evidence from Rwanda
(Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper, 2015-08-01)
Performance-based contracting is particularly challenging in health care, where multiple agents, information asymmetries and other market failures compound the critical contracting concern of multitasking. As performance-based ...
Contending Paradigms for Cross-Regional Comparison: Development Strategies and Commodity Chains in East Asia and Latin America
(Latin America in Comparative Perspective: New Approaches to Methods and Analysis, 1995)
Marijuana use and sex with multiple partners among lesbian, gay and bisexual youth: results from a national sample.
(BMC Public Health, 2017-01-05)
BACKGROUND: Sex with multiple partners (SMP) is one of the important contributing factors for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults, especially among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual ...
The impact of gestational age and fetal weight on the risk of failure of spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery.
(Int J Obstet Anesth, 2016-05)
BACKGROUND: There are limited data about spinal dosing for cesarean delivery in preterm parturients. We investigated the hypothesis that preterm gestation is associated with an increased incidence of inadequate spinal anesthesia ...
Responding to rivals and complements: How market concentration shapes generational product innovation strategy
(Organization Science, 2010-07-01)
This study examines how competitive market conditions shape the responsiveness with which businesses release generational product innovations (GPIs) following the introduction of GPIs by either competitors or complementary ...