Do Migrants Degrade Coastal Environments? Migration, Natural Resource Extraction and Poverty in North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
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Recent literature on migration and the environment has identified key mediating variables such as how migrants extract resources from the environment for their livelihoods, the rate and efficiency of extraction, and the social and economic context within which their extraction occurs. This paper investigates these variables in a new ecological setting using data from coastal fishing villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. We do not find as many differences between migrant and non-migrant families regarding destructive fishing behavior, technology, and investment as might have been expected from earlier theories. Instead, the context and timing of migrant assimilation seems to be more important in explaining apparent associations of migration and environmental impacts than simply migrants themselves. This finding fits well with recent literature in the field of international migration and immigrant incorporation.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1007/s10745-005-4142-9
Publication InfoCassels, S; Curran, SR; & Kramer, Randall A (2005). Do Migrants Degrade Coastal Environments? Migration, Natural Resource Extraction and Poverty in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Hum Ecol Interdiscip J, 33(3). pp. 329-363. 10.1007/s10745-005-4142-9. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/6470.
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Juli Plant Grainger Professor of Global Environmental Health
Randall Kramer is the Juli Plant Grainger Professor of Global Environmental Health in the Nicholas School of the Environment. Before coming to Duke in 1988, he was on the faculty at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He has held visiting positions at IUCN--The World Conservation Union, the Economic Growth Center at Yale University, and the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry. He has served as a consultant to the World Bank, World Health Organization and other inter