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The Integrated Precipitation and Hydrology Experiment - Hydrologic Applications for the Southeast US (IPHEx-H4SE). Part II: Atmospheric Forcing and Topographic Corrections

dc.contributor.author Barros, Ana
dc.date.accessioned 2014-01-02T17:54:27Z
dc.date.available 2014-01-02T17:54:27Z
dc.date.issued 2014-01-02
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/8290
dc.description.abstract In order to prepare atmospheric forcing data sets to drive the hydrologic models at high spatial resolution, it is necessary to apply appropriate downscale methods and bias correction schemes to the coarse reanalysis products. In this manuscript, first we describe the methodology to derive a high-resolution (1×1 km2, hourly) atmospheric forcing data set from 3-hr NARR (North American Regional Reanalysis) products originally at 32×32km resolution, and second we illustrate the value and utility of the downscaled products to drive hydrologic models offline through analysis of a long-term (5-year) continuous simulation of water and energy budgets in the Southern Appalachians against flux tower observations. The IPHEx-H4SE atmospheric forcing data set includes elevation corrected air temperature and lapse rate, specific humidity, 46 friction velocity, surface layer winds, incoming longwave radiation, and topographically and cloudiness corrected incoming shortwave radiation that enable simulating water and energy fluxes from diurnal to annual time-scales, and for extreme events. Although the 5-year simulation presented here was conducted with a randomly selected rainfall product among those recommended in the companion report ( EPL-2013-H4SE-3) without re-initialization or data assimilation, and therefore does not represent an optimal simulation with the hydrological model but rather a baseline control simulation that integrates and propagates the uncertainty in all forcing data sets, the results clearly illustrate the benefit of using the bias corrected NARR atmospheric forcing fields made available here.
dc.publisher Duke University Libraries
dc.relation.isversionof 10.7924/G8RN35S6
dc.subject IPHEX
dc.subject Hydrologic Applications
dc.subject SEUS
dc.subject Atmospheric Forcing
dc.subject Specific humidity
dc.subject Air temperature
dc.subject Air pressure
dc.subject Wind velocity
dc.subject Incoming longwave radiation at surface
dc.subject Incoming shortwave radiation at surface
dc.title The Integrated Precipitation and Hydrology Experiment - Hydrologic Applications for the Southeast US (IPHEx-H4SE). Part II: Atmospheric Forcing and Topographic Corrections
dc.type Report
duke.description.volume 1
dc.relation.journal EPL/Duke University (Pub.), Report EPL-2013-IPHEX-H4SE-2
pubs.begin-page 1
pubs.end-page 80


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