Association of Parental Incarceration With Psychiatric and Functional Outcomes of Young Adults







Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Gifford, Elizabeth J, Lindsey Eldred Kozecke, Megan Golonka, Sherika N Hill, E Jane Costello, Lilly Shanahan and William E Copeland (n.d.). Association of Parental Incarceration With Psychiatric and Functional Outcomes of Young Adults. JAMA Network Open, 2(8). pp. e1910005–e1910005. 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10005 Retrieved from

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Elizabeth Joanne Gifford

Research Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy

Beth Gifford is a research professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy, a core faculty member of the Center for Child and Family Policy and the Margolis Center for Health Policy. She leads a multidisciplinary research team that examines the health and social services engagement of children and families. Motivating her research is the need to understand how social policies and practices can better support children and families. Her work spans many public institutions including education, social services, criminal justice, and health care systems. She is the Director of the Health Policy Certificate Program and the Health Policy and Innovation Theme Leader for Bass Connections.


Megan Golonka

Research Scientist

Megan Golonka is a research scientist with the Center for Child and Family Policy (CCFP) in the Sanford School of Public Policy. She is a member of the Child Maltreatment Prevention research team, which focuses on strengthening health and social service systems to improve child well-being. She also is engaged with data collection and management across nine international sites for the Parenting Across Cultures project. Finally, Golonka coordinates and leads efforts at the CCFP to promote equity and inclusion in research. Her research interests include child welfare, adolescent risk behavior, social development, and parental incarceration, approached through a risk and resilience lens within an ecological framework. She cares deeply about addressing challenges facing children and families through research and policy development.

Golonka also prioritizes teaching and mentoring to encourage undergraduate students to explore child and family policy issues through interdisciplinary study and original research on real-world policy issues. She introduces undergraduate students to child policy research through the cornerstone introductory seminar for the Child Policy Research Certificate Program. She also supports students in conducting their own research through independent studies and leads a Bass Connections team of undergraduate researchers.

Golonka originally joined the Center for Child and Family Policy as a senior research aide (2001-2004) after receiving her B.A. in psychology from the University of Notre Dame. She later worked as a project coordinator with the CCFP's Transdisciplinary Prevention Research Center (2004-2008). She received her Ph.D. in developmental psychology from Duke University in 2013, along with a Certificate in College Teaching from the Duke University Graduate School. She spent a year teaching academic writing to first year students in the Duke University Thompson Writing Program before returning to the CCFP and Psychology & Neuroscience Departments as a research scientist in the Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resilience (C-StARR).


Ph.D. Developmental Psychology, Duke University – 2013
Certificate in College Teaching, Duke University – 2013
M.A. Developmental Psychology, Duke University – 2011
B.A. University of Notre Dame - 2000


Elizabeth Jane Costello

Professor Emerita in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Developmental epidemiology applies the research methods of findings of developmental science to epidemiology--the study of patterns of disease distribution in time and space. Developmental epidemiology can cover the life span, but my own work concentrates on childhood and adolescence. I study change and continuity in psychiatric disorders, in the context of change and
continuity in the risk factors for those disorders.

An important application of the work of the Developmental Epidemiology Program, of which I am Co-Director, is examining the need for, and use of, mental health services for children. This work sets the study of the mental health care system for children and adolescents within a conceptual framework which permits use of estimate unmet needs as well as identifying appropriate areas for preventive interventions. I am carrying out a longitudinal study based on 4,500 randomly selected children and adolescents living in the Appalachian mountains of western North Carolina. Findings from this study provide important information for federal and local policy makers, while at the same time testing ideas about the development of risk and resilience.


William Everett Copeland

Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

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