Association of Parental Incarceration With Psychiatric and Functional Outcomes of Young Adults







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Publication Info

Gifford, Elizabeth J, Lindsey Eldred Kozecke, Megan Golonka, Sherika N Hill, E Jane Costello, Lilly Shanahan and William E Copeland (n.d.). Association of Parental Incarceration With Psychiatric and Functional Outcomes of Young Adults. JAMA Network Open, 2(8). pp. e1910005–e1910005. 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10005 Retrieved from

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Elizabeth Joanne Gifford

Associate Research Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy

Beth Gifford is an associate research professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy, a core faculty member of the Center for Child and Family Policy and the Margolis Center for Health Policy, and leads the Social and Economic pillar of the Children’s Health and Discovery Institute. She leads a multidisciplinary research team that examines the health and social services engagement of children and families. Motivating her research is the need to understand how social policies and practices can better support children and families. Her work spans many public institutions including education, social services, criminal justice, and health care systems.


Megan Golonka

Research Scientist

Megan Golonka is a research scientist with the Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resiliency (C-StARR) in the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience. She is also affiliated with the Center for Child and Family Policy, where she teaches the cornerstone course for the Child Policy Research Certificate Program. She is also a member of the Child Maltreatment Prevention research team in the Center for Child and Family Policy.  Her areas of interest include adolescent risk behavior and social development, parental incarceration, and child abuse prevention.

Golonka originally joined the Center for Child and Family Policy as a senior research aide (2001-2004) after receiving her B.A. in psychology from the University of Notre Dame. She later worked as a project coordinator with the Center's Transdisciplinary Prevention Research Center (2004-2008) before attending graduate school. Golonka received her Ph.D. in developmental psychology from Duke University in 2013, along with a Certificate in College Teaching from the Duke University Graduate School. She spent a year teaching emerging adulthood in the Duke University Thompson Writing Program before returning to the Center to focus on research in July 2014.


  • Ph.D. Developmental Psychology, Duke University - 2013
  • M.A. Developmental Psychology, Duke University - 2011
  • B.A. University of Notre Dame - 2000

Sherika N Hill

Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

As a clinical epidemiologist, I conduct biopsychosocial research to better understand how social factors, biological mechanisms (epigenetics), or health outcomes relate to pediatric mental health and well-being. I am particularly interested in knowing the extent to which different developmental trajectories are driven by low socioeconomic status, rural geography, minority race/ethnicity, chronic childhood health conditions, or childhood maltreatment. 


Elizabeth Jane Costello

Professor Emerita in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Developmental epidemiology applies the research methods of findings of developmental science to epidemiology--the study of patterns of disease distribution in time and space. Developmental epidemiology can cover the life span, but my own work concentrates on childhood and adolescence. I study change and continuity in psychiatric disorders, in the context of change and
continuity in the risk factors for those disorders.

An important application of the work of the Developmental Epidemiology Program, of which I am Co-Director, is examining the need for, and use of, mental health services for children. This work sets the study of the mental health care system for children and adolescents within a conceptual framework which permits use of estimate unmet needs as well as identifying appropriate areas for preventive interventions. I am carrying out a longitudinal study based on 4,500 randomly selected children and adolescents living in the Appalachian mountains of western North Carolina. Findings from this study provide important information for federal and local policy makers, while at the same time testing ideas about the development of risk and resilience.


William Everett Copeland

Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

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