Use of a human-centered design approach to adapt a nurse-led cardiovascular disease prevention intervention in HIV clinics.

Abstract

Stakeholder-informed strategies addressing cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden among people living with HIV (PWH) are needed within healthcare settings. This study provides an assessment of how human-centered design (HCD) guided the adaptation of a nurse-led intervention to reduce CVD risk among PWH. Using a HCD approach, research staff guided two multidisciplinary "design teams" in Ohio and North Carolina, with each having five HCD meetings. We conducted acceptability and feasibility testing. Six core recommendations were produced by two design teams of key stakeholders and further developed after the acceptability and feasibility testing to produce a final list of 14 actionable areas of adaptation. Acceptability and feasibility testing revealed areas for adaptation, e.g. patient preferences for communication and the benefit of additional staff to support patient follow-up. In conclusion, along with acceptability and feasibility testing, HCD led to the production of 14 key recommendations to enhance the effectiveness and scalability of an integrated HIV/CVD intervention.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1016/j.pcad.2020.02.013

Publication Info

Aifah, Angela, Nwora Lance Okeke, Cynthia R Rentrope, Julie Schexnayder, Gerald S Bloomfield, Hayden Bosworth, Kiran Grover, Corrilynn O Hileman, et al. (2020). Use of a human-centered design approach to adapt a nurse-led cardiovascular disease prevention intervention in HIV clinics. Progress in cardiovascular diseases, 63(2). pp. 92–100. 10.1016/j.pcad.2020.02.013 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29668.

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.

Scholars@Duke

Okeke

Nwora Lance Okeke

Associate Professor of Medicine
Bloomfield

Gerald Bloomfield

Associate Professor of Medicine

Gerald Bloomfield, MD, MPH, joined the faculty in Medicine and Global Health after completing his Cardiovascular Medicine fellowship training at Duke University Medical Center and Duke Clinical Research Institute. Bloomfield also completed the Duke Global Health Residency/Fellowship Pathway and a Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellowship. He received his medical education, internal medicine residency and Master of Public Health degree from Johns Hopkins University. Bloomfield leads a longstanding research and capacity building program on cardiovascular global health which includes work in under-resourced communities in the US and a number of low- and middle-income country settings.

Bosworth

Hayden Barry Bosworth

Professor in Population Health Sciences

Dr. Bosworth is a health services researcher and Deputy Director of the Center of Innovation to Accelerate Discovery and Practice Transformation (ADAPT)  at the Durham VA Medical Center. He is also Vice Chair of Education and Professor of Population Health Sciences. He is also a Professor of Medicine, Psychiatry, and Nursing at Duke University Medical Center and Adjunct Professor in Health Policy and Administration at the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research interests comprise three overarching areas of research: 1) clinical research that provides knowledge for improving patients’ treatment adherence and self-management in chronic care; 2) translation research to improve access to quality of care; and 3) eliminate health care disparities. 

Dr. Bosworth is the recipient of an American Heart Association established investigator award, the 2013 VA Undersecretary Award for Outstanding Achievement in Health Services Research (The annual award is the highest honor for VA health services researchers), and a VA Senior Career Scientist Award. In terms of self-management, Dr. Bosworth has expertise developing interventions to improve health behaviors related to hypertension, coronary artery disease, and depression, and has been developing and implementing tailored patient interventions to reduce the burden of other chronic diseases. These trials focus on motivating individuals to initiate health behaviors and sustaining them long term and use members of the healthcare team, particularly pharmacists and nurses. He has been the Principal Investigator of over 30 trials resulting in over 400 peer reviewed publications and four books. This work has been or is being implemented in multiple arenas including Medicaid of North Carolina, private payers, The United Kingdom National Health System Direct, Kaiser Health care system, and the Veterans Affairs.

Areas of Expertise: Health Behavior, Health Services Research, Implementation Science, Health Measurement, and Health Policy

Muiruri

Charles Muiruri

Assistant Professor of Population Health Sciences

Dr. Muiruri is a health services researcher, Assistant Professor in the Duke Department of Population Health Sciences, Assistant Research Professor in the Global Health Institute, and Adjunct lecturer at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi Tanzania.
Broadly, his research seeks to improve the quality of healthcare and reduce disparities for persons with multiple chronic conditions both in and outside the United States. His current work focuses on prevention of nonAIDS comorbidities among people living with HIV. His current projects funded by NIAID, NHLBI and NIMHD focus on improving the quality of cardiovascular disease prevention and care among people living with HIV in North Carolina and Tanzania.

Areas of Expertise: Mixed methods, Qualitative methods, Applied Econometrics in Health services Research,  Preference research, Implementation Science, Global Health, Health Policy


Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.