Author Correction: Mortality outcomes with hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine in COVID-19 from an international collaborative meta-analysis of randomized trials.


Correction to: Nature Communications, published online 15 April 2021 The original version of this article contained an error in Table 1, which misidentified the trial included in the meta-analysis registered as NCT04323527 as CloroCOVID19II instead of CloroCOVID19III. The NCT04323527 registration includes the trials CloroCOVID19I and CloroCOVID19III. CloroCOVID19I was not included in the meta-analysis. In addition, the original version of the Methods section inadvertently omitted details of which formulations of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine the reported dosages refer to. The following information has been included in the legend for Table 1 and in the corrected methods section: “In all trials that used hydroxychloroquine, dosages refer to hydroxychloroquine sulfate. In trials that used chloroquine, the dosages for ARCHAIC, ChiCTR2000030054 and ChiCTR2000031204 refer to chloroquine phosphate, while those for CloroCOVID19II and CloroCOVID19III refer to chloroquine base. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has issued a retraction note (1) for one of the trials (2) that had been included in the calculations of our meta-analysis. Exclusion of the data from this trial changes neither the results nor inferences of the meta-analysis. For hydroxychloroquine, the original odds ratio for mortality was 1.11 (95% CI: 1.02–1.20; I2 = 0%; 26 trials; 10,012 patients) and excluding the retracted trial the odds ratio for mortality would remain 1.11 (95% CI: 1.02–1.20, I2 = 0%; 25 trials; 9818 patients). Retraction Notice. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 107, 728-728, (2022). Abd-Elsalam, S. et al. RETRACTED: Hydroxychloroquine in the Treatment of COVID-19: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg 103, 1635-1639, (2020). The errors in Table 1 and in the Methods section have been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.






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Publication Info

Axfors, Cathrine, Andreas M Schmitt, Perrine Janiaud, Janneke Van't Hooft, Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ehab F Abdo, Benjamin S Abella, Javed Akram, et al. (2024). Author Correction: Mortality outcomes with hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine in COVID-19 from an international collaborative meta-analysis of randomized trials. Nature communications, 15(1). p. 1075. 10.1038/s41467-024-45360-6 Retrieved from

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Dr. Susanna Naggie completed her undergraduate degrees in chemical engineering and biochemistry at the University of Maryland, College Park, and her medical education at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. She conducted her internal medicine and infectious diseases fellowship training at Duke University Medical Center, where she also served as Chief Resident. She joined the faculty in the Duke School of Medicine in 2009. She is a Professor of Medicine and currently holds appointments at the Duke University School of Medicine, at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, and at the Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Dr. Naggie is a clinical investigator with a focus in clinical trials in infectious diseases and translational research in HIV and liver disease. She is a standing member of the DHHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents and the CDC/NIH/IDSA-HIVMA Opportunistic Infections Guideline. She is the Vice Dean for Clinical and Translational Research and Director for the Duke Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute.


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