Harmonic Forms, Price Inequalities, and Benjamini-Schramm Convergence

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Abstract

We study Betti numbers of sequences of Riemannian manifolds which Benjamini-Schramm converge to their universal covers. Using the Price inequalities we developed elsewhere, we derive two distinct convergence results. First, under a negative Ricci curvature assumption and no assumption on sign of the sectional curvature, we have a convergence result for weakly uniform discrete sequences of closed Riemannian manifolds. In the negative sectional curvature case, we are able to remove the weakly uniform discreteness assumption. This is achieved by combining a refined Thick-Thin decomposition together with a Moser iteration argument for harmonic forms on manifolds with boundary.

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Scholars@Duke

Stern

Mark A. Stern

Professor of Mathematics

The focus of Professor Stern's research is the study of analytic problems arising in geometry, topology,  physics, and number theory.

In recent work, Professor Stern has studied analytical, geometric, and topological questions arising from Yang-Mills theory, Hodge theory, and number theory. These have led for example to a study of (i) stability questions arising in Yang Mills theory and harmonic maps, (ii) energy minimizing connections and instantons,  (iii) new bounds for eigenvalues of Laplace Beltrami operators, and (iv) new bounds for betti numbers.


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