Surgical considerations for major deformity correction spine surgery.

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Spinal deformity is defined as abnormality in alignment, formation, or curvature of one or more segments of the spine. Its characteristic clinical presentation and radiographic appearance differ according to patient age and the underlying cause. The most common deformity in the pediatric population is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, whereas in adults many patients present with de novo deformity secondary to degenerative disease. Although the specific goals differ between patients, the broad aims include restoration of regional and global alignment, decompression of neural elements as necessary, and establishment of a solid fusion. Surgeons perform deformity correction by various approaches and techniques to achieve the desired correction while minimizing perioperative risk.





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Ailon, Tamir, Durga R Sure, Justin S Smith and Christopher I Shaffrey (2016). Surgical considerations for major deformity correction spine surgery. Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology, 30(1). pp. 3–11. 10.1016/j.bpa.2015.11.005 Retrieved from

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Christopher Ignatius Shaffrey

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I have more than 25 years of experience treating patients of all ages with spinal disorders. I have had an interest in the management of spinal disorders since starting my medical education. I performed residencies in both orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery to gain a comprehensive understanding of the entire range of spinal disorders. My goal has been to find innovative ways to manage the range of spinal conditions, straightforward to complex. I have a focus on managing patients with complex spinal disorders. My patient evaluation and management philosophy is to provide engaged, compassionate care that focuses on providing the simplest and least aggressive treatment option for a particular condition. In many cases, non-operative treatment options exist to improve a patient’s symptoms. I have been actively engaged in clinical research to find the best ways to manage spinal disorders in order to achieve better results with fewer complications.

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