The effect of a nurse-led telephone-based care coordination program on the follow-up and control of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease.

Abstract

Objective

We sought to analyse the impact of a care coordination protocol on transiting patients with coronary artery disease who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to primary care and its effect on cardiovascular risk factor control.

Design

A prospective observational study involving 492 patients who had undergone PCI either electively or after an acute coronary syndrome.

Setting

A tertiary institution in Singapore.

Participants

Patients who had undergone a PCI either electively or after an acute coronary syndrome.

Interventions

The SCORE (Standardized Care for Optimal Outcomes, Right-Siting and Rapid Re-evaluation) program was a nurse-led, telephone-based, care coordination protocol.

Main outcome measures

Transition to primary care within 1 year of enrolment, the achievement of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level of <2.6 mmol/l within 1 year and hospital admissions related to cardiovascular causes within 1 year were studied.

Results

Under the SCORE protocol, a significantly higher number of patients transited to primary care and achieved the LDL target within 1 year, as compared with non-SCORE patients. Discharge to primary care and achievement of target LDL continued to be higher among those under the SCORE protocol even after multivariate analysis. Rates of hospital admission due to cardiovascular causes were not significantly different.

Conclusions

Care coordination improved the rate of transition of post-PCI patients to primary care and improved LDL control, with no difference in the rate of hospital admissions due to cardiovascular causes. These findings support the implementation of a standardized follow-up protocol in patients who have undergone PCI.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1093/intqhc/mzw103

Publication Info

Wong, Ningyan, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Fei Gao, Sok Tiang Rosalind Sim, David Matchar, Sung Lung Aaron Wong, Khung Keong Yeo, Wei Chieh Jack Tan, et al. (2016). The effect of a nurse-led telephone-based care coordination program on the follow-up and control of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease. International journal for quality in health care : journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care, 28(6). pp. 758–763. 10.1093/intqhc/mzw103 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22813.

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