Association of Brain Injury Biomarkers and Circulatory Shock Following Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A TRACK-TBI Study.



Early circulatory shock following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a multifactorial process; however, the impact of brain injury biomarkers on the risk of shock has not been evaluated. We examined the association between neuronal injury biomarker levels and the development of circulatory shock following moderate-severe TBI.


In this retrospective cohort study, we examined adults with moderate-severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score <13) enrolled in the TRACK-TBI study, an 18-center prospective TBI cohort study. The exposures were day-1 levels of neuronal injury biomarkers (glial fibrillary acidic protein, ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 [UCH-L1], S100 calcium-binding protein B [S100B], neuron-specific enolase), and of an inflammatory biomarker (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein). The primary outcome was the development of circulatory shock, defined as cardiovascular Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score ≥2 within 72 hours of admission. Association between day-1 biomarker levels and the development of circulatory shock was assessed with regression analysis.


The study included 392 subjects, with a mean age of 40 years; 314 (80%) were male and 165 (42%) developed circulatory shock. Median (interquartile range) day-1 levels of UCH-L1 (994.8 [518.7 to 1988.2] pg/mL vs. 548.1 [280.2 to 1151.9] pg/mL; P<0.0001) and S100B (0.47 μg/mL [0.25 to 0.88] vs. 0.27 [0.16 to 0.46] μg/mL; P<0.0001) were elevated in those who developed early circulatory shock compared with those who did not. In multivariable regression, there were associations between levels of both UCH-L1 (odds ratio, 1.63 [95% confidence interval, 1.25-2.12]; P<0.0005) and S100B (odds ratio, 1.73 [95% confidence interval 1.27-2.36]; P<0.0005) with the development of circulatory shock.


Neuronal injury biomarkers may provide the improved mechanistic understanding and possibly early identification of patients at risk for early circulatory shock following moderate-severe TBI.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Toro, Camilo, Sonia Jain, Shelly Sun, Nancy Temkin, Jason Barber, Geoffrey Manley, Jordan M Komisarow, Tetsu Ohnuma, et al. (2021). Association of Brain Injury Biomarkers and Circulatory Shock Following Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A TRACK-TBI Study. Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology, Publish Ahead of Print. 10.1097/ana.0000000000000828 Retrieved from

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Jordan Komisarow

Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery

Tetsu Ohnuma

Assistant Professor in Anesthesiology

Michael Lucas James

Professor of Anesthesiology

With a clinical background in neuroanesthesia and neurointensive care, I have a special interest in translational research in intracerebral hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury. I am fortunate to be part of a unique team of highly motivated and productive individuals who allow me to propel ideas from bench to bedside and the ability to reverse translate ideas from the bedside back to the bench.


Joseph P. Mathew

Jerry Reves, M.D. Distinguished Professor of Cardiac Anesthesiology

Current research interests include:
1. The relationship between white matter patency, functional connectivity (fMRI) and neurocognitive function following cardiac surgery.
2. The relationship between global and regional cortical beta-amyloid deposition and postoperative cognitive decline.
3. The effect of lidocaine infusion upon neurocognitive function following cardiac surgery.
4. The association between genotype and outcome after cardiac surgery.
5. Atrial fibrillation following cardiopulmonary bypass.

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