Cartilage mechanics in the guinea pig model of osteoarthritis studied with an osmotic loading method.

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Flahiff, Charlene M
Kraus, Virginia B
Huebner, Janet L
Setton, Lori A

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To determine the material properties of articular cartilage in the Hartley guinea pig model of spontaneous osteoarthritis.Cartilage-bone samples from the medial femoral condyle and tibial plateau of 12 month-old guinea pig knees were subjected to osmotic loading. Site-matched swelling strains and fixed charge density values were used in a triphasic theoretical model for cartilage swelling to determine the modulus of the cartilage solid matrix. The degree of cartilage degeneration was assessed in adjacent tissue sections using a semi-quantitative histological grading scheme.Decreased values for both moduli and surface zone fixed charge density were associated with increasing grades of cartilage degeneration. Decreases in moduli reflect damage to the collagen matrix, which give rise to greater swelling strains.Histological evidence of cartilage degeneration was associated with impaired cartilage mechanics in the aging Hartley guinea pig.





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Flahiff, Charlene M, Virginia B Kraus, Janet L Huebner and Lori A Setton (2004). Cartilage mechanics in the guinea pig model of osteoarthritis studied with an osmotic loading method. Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 12(5). pp. 383–388. 10.1016/j.joca.2004.01.007 Retrieved from

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Charlene Flahiff

Clinical Research Coordinator, Tier 2

Virginia Byers Kraus

Mary Bernheim Distinguished Professor of Medicine

Virginia Byers Kraus, MD, PhD, is the Mary Bernheim Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Professor of Pathology and a faculty member of the Duke Molecular Physiology Institute in the Duke University School of Medicine. She is a practicing Rheumatologist with over 30 years’ experience in translational musculoskeletal research focusing on osteoarthritis, the most common of all arthritides. She trained at Brown University (ScB 1979), Duke University (MD 1982, PhD 1993) and the Duke University School of Medicine (Residency in Internal Medicine and Fellowship in Rheumatology). Her career has focused on elucidating osteoarthritis pathogenesis and translational research into the discovery and validation of biomarkers for early osteoarthritis detection, prediction of progression, monitoring of disease status, and facilitation of therapeutic developments. She is co-PI of the Foundation for NIH Biomarkers Consortium Osteoarthritis project. Trained as a molecular biologist and a Rheumatologist, she endeavors to study disease from bedside to bench.

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