Epithelial cell plasticity: breaking boundaries and changing landscapes.

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2021-07

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Abstract

Epithelial tissues respond to a wide variety of environmental and genotoxic stresses. As an adaptive mechanism, cells can deviate from their natural paths to acquire new identities, both within and across lineages. Under extreme conditions, epithelial tissues can utilize "shape-shifting" mechanisms whereby they alter their form and function at a tissue-wide scale. Mounting evidence suggests that in order to acquire these alternate tissue identities, cells follow a core set of "tissue logic" principles based on developmental paradigms. Here, we review the terminology and the concepts that have been put forward to describe cell plasticity. We also provide insights into various cell intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including genetic mutations, inflammation, microbiota, and therapeutic agents that contribute to cell plasticity. Additionally, we discuss recent studies that have sought to decode the "syntax" of plasticity-i.e., the cellular and molecular principles through which cells acquire new identities in both homeostatic and malignant epithelial tissues-and how these processes can be manipulated for developing novel cancer therapeutics.

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10.15252/embr.202051921

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Tata, Aleksandra, Ryan D Chow and Purushothama Rao Tata (2021). Epithelial cell plasticity: breaking boundaries and changing landscapes. EMBO reports, 22(7). p. e51921. 10.15252/embr.202051921 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/30084.

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Scholars@Duke

Tata

Aleksandra Tata

Assistant Research Professor of Cell Biology
Tata

Purushothama Rao Tata

Associate Professor of Cell Biology

Lung regeneration
Lung stem cells
Cell plasticity
Organoid models
Lung Fibrosis
Single Cell Biology


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