Branch Pulmonary Artery Valve Implantation Reduces Pulmonary Regurgitation and Improves Right Ventricular Size/Function in Patients With Large Right Ventricular Outflow Tracts.


The authors sought to assess the intermediate-term effects of percutaneous placed valves in the branch pulmonary artery (PA) position.Most patients with large right ventricular outflow tracts (RVOTs) are excluded from available percutaneous pulmonary valve options. In some of these patients, percutaneous branch PA valve implantation may be feasible. The longer-term effects of valves in the branch PA position is unknown.Retrospective data were collected on patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation who had a percutaneous branch PA valve attempted.Percutaneous branch PA valve implantation was attempted in 34 patients (18 bilateral and 16 unilateral). One-half of the patients were in New York Heart Association (NHYA) functional class III or IV pre-implantation. There were 2 failed attempts and 6 procedural complications. At follow-up, only 1 patient had more than mild valvar regurgitation. The right ventricular end-diastolic volume index decreased from 147 (range: 103 to 478) ml/m2 to 101 (range: 76 to 429) ml/m2, p < 0.01 (n = 16), and the right ventricular end-systolic volume index decreased from 88.5 (range: 41 to 387) ml/m2 to 55.5 (range: 40.2 to 347) ml/m2, p < 0.01 (n = 13). There were 5 late deaths. At a median follow-up of 2 years, all other patients were in NYHA functional class I or II.Percutaneous branch PA valve implantation results in a reduction in right ventricular volume with clinical benefit in the intermediate term. Until percutaneous valve technology for large RVOTs is refined and more widely available, branch PA valve implantation remains an option for select patients.





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Publication Info

Qureshi, Athar M, Neha Bansal, Doff B McElhinney, Younes Boudjemline, Tom J Forbes, Nicola Maschietto, Shabana Shahanavaz, John P Cheatham, et al. (2018). Branch Pulmonary Artery Valve Implantation Reduces Pulmonary Regurgitation and Improves Right Ventricular Size/Function in Patients With Large Right Ventricular Outflow Tracts. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions, 11(6). pp. 541–550. 10.1016/j.jcin.2018.01.278 Retrieved from

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Richard Andrew Krasuski

Professor of Medicine

Dr. Richard Krasuski is Director of the Adult Congenital Heart Center at Duke University Medical Center, the Director of Hemodynamic Research, and the Medical Director of the CTEPH Program. He is considered a thought leader in the fields of pulmonary hypertension and congenital heart disease. His research focus is in epidemiologic and clinical studies involving patients with pulmonary hypertension and patients with congenital heart disease. He is involved in multiple multicenter studies through the Alliance for Adult Research in Congenital Cardiology (AARCC). He has also helped to develop multiple research databases in these patient populations. He is Co-PI in the upcoming EPIPHANY Study examining the impact of medical and transcatheter interventions on RV-PA coupling in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Over his career he has mentored over 80 students, residents and fellows and has published over 300 peer reviewed publications, book chapters and meeting abstracts. He is also the Chief Editor of Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension and on the editorial boards of several leading medical journals.

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