Can You Trust What You Watch? An Assessment of the Quality of Information in Aesthetic Surgery Videos on YouTube.

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Date

2020-02

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Abstract

Background

Videos on YouTube can be posted without regulation or content oversight. Unfortunately, many patients use YouTube as a resource on aesthetic surgery, leading to misinformation. Currently, there are no objective assessments of the quality of information on YouTube about aesthetic surgery.

Methods

YouTube was queried for videos about the 12 most common aesthetic surgical procedures, identified from the 2015 American Society of Plastic Surgeons procedural statistics between May and June of 2016. The top 25 results for each search term were scored using the modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients criteria based on video structure, content, and author identification. Average Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score, view count, and video duration were compared between authorship groups.

Results

A total of 523 videos were graded after excluding duplicates. The mean modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score for all videos was 13.1 (SE, 0.18) of a possible 27. The videos under the search "nose reshaping" had the lowest mean score of 10.24 (SE, 0.74), whereas "breast augmentation" had the highest score of 15.96 (SE, 0.65). Physician authorship accounted for 59 percent of included videos and had a higher mean Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score than those by patients. Only three of the 21 search terms had a mean modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score meeting criteria for high-quality videos.

Conclusions

The information contained in aesthetic surgery videos on YouTube is low quality. Patients should be aware that the information has the potential to be inaccurate. Plastic surgeons should be encouraged to develop high-quality videos to educate patients.

Type

Journal article

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Provenance

Subjects

Humans, Information Dissemination, Surgery, Plastic, Internet, Video Recording, United States, Patient Education as Topic

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1097/prs.0000000000006463

Publication Info

Gray, Megan C, Amanda Gemmiti, Ashar Ata, Brandon Jun, Philip K Johnson, Joseph A Ricci and Ashit Patel (2020). Can You Trust What You Watch? An Assessment of the Quality of Information in Aesthetic Surgery Videos on YouTube. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 145(2). pp. 329e–336e. 10.1097/prs.0000000000006463 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/26973.

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Scholars@Duke

Patel

Ash Patel

Professor of Surgery

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