Adult cervical spine deformity: a state-of-the-art review.

dc.contributor.author

Jackson-Fowl, Brendan

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Hockley, Aaron

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Naessig, Sara

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Ahmad, Waleed

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Pierce, Katherine

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Smith, Justin S

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Ames, Christopher

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Shaffrey, Christopher

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Bennett-Caso, Claudia

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Williamson, Tyler K

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McFarland, Kimberly

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Passias, Peter G

dc.date.accessioned

2023-10-05T19:20:43Z

dc.date.available

2023-10-05T19:20:43Z

dc.date.issued

2023-09-30

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2023-10-05T19:20:42Z

dc.description.abstract

Adult cervical deformity is a structural malalignment of the cervical spine that may present with variety of significant symptomatology for patients. There are clear and substantial negative impacts of cervical spine deformity, including the increased burden of pain, limited mobility and functionality, and interference with patients' ability to work and perform everyday tasks. Primary cervical deformities develop as the result of a multitude of different etiologies, changing the normal mechanics and structure of the cervical region. In particular, degeneration of the cervical spine, inflammatory arthritides and neuromuscular changes are significant players in the development of disease. Additionally, cervical deformities, sometimes iatrogenically, may present secondary to malalignment or correction of the thoracic, lumbar or sacropelvic spine. Previously, classification systems were developed to help quantify disease burden and influence management of thoracic and lumbar spine deformities. Following up on these works and based on the relationship between the cervical and distal spine, Ames-ISSG developed a framework for a standardized tool for characterizing and quantifying cervical spine deformities. When surgical intervention is required to correct a cervical deformity, there are advantages and disadvantages to both anterior and posterior approaches. A stepwise approach may minimize the drawbacks of either an anterior or posterior approach alone, and patients should have a surgical plan tailored specifically to their cervical deformity based upon symptomatic and radiographic indications. This state-of-the-art review is based upon a comprehensive overview of literature seeking to highlight the normal cervical spine, etiologies of cervical deformity, current classification systems, and key surgical techniques.

dc.identifier

10.1007/s43390-023-00735-5

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2212-134X

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2212-1358

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https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29214

dc.language

eng

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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Spine Deform

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10.1007/s43390-023-00735-5

dc.subject

Cervical spine

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Cervical spine deformity

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Classification

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Spine alignment

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Spine degenerative disease

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Adult cervical spine deformity: a state-of-the-art review.

dc.type

Journal article

duke.contributor.orcid

Shaffrey, Christopher|0000-0001-9760-8386

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Duke

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School of Medicine

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Clinical Science Departments

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Orthopaedic Surgery

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Neurosurgery

pubs.publication-status

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