A phase field model for mass transport with semi-permeable interfaces

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In this paper, a thermaldynamical consistent model for mass transfer across permeable moving interfaces is proposed by using the energy variation method. We consider a restricted diffusion problem where the flux across the interface depends on its conductance and the difference of the concentration on each side. The diffusive interface phase-field framework used here has several advantages over the sharp interface method. First of all, explicit tracking of the interface is no longer necessary. Secondly, interfacial conditions can be incorporated with a variable diffusion coefficient. Finally, topological changes of interfaces can be handed easily. A detailed asymptotic analysis confirms the diffusive interface model converges to the existing sharp interface model as the interface thickness goes to zero. An energy stable numerical scheme is developed to solve this highly nonlinear coupled system.Numerical simulations first illustrate the consistency of theoretical results on the sharp interface limit. Then a convergence study and energy decay test are conducted to ensure the efficiency and stability of the numerical scheme. To illustrate the effectiveness of our phase-field approach, several examples are provided, including a study of a two-phase mass transfer problem where droplets with deformable interfaces are suspended in a moving fluid.





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Qin, Y, H Huang, Y Zhu, C Liu and S Xu (2022). A phase field model for mass transport with semi-permeable interfaces. Journal of Computational Physics, 464. pp. 111334–111334. 10.1016/j.jcp.2022.111334 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/27443.

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Shixin Xu

Assistant Professor of Mathematics at Duke Kunshan University

Shixin Xu is an Assistant Professor of Mathematics whose research spans several dynamic and interconnected fields. His primary interests include machine learning and data-driven models for disease prediction, multiscale modeling of complex fluids, neurovascular coupling, homogenization theory, and numerical analysis. His current projects reflect a diverse and impactful portfolio:

  • Developing predictive models based on image data to identify hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke.
  • Conducting electrodynamics modeling of saltatory conduction along myelinated axons to understand nerve impulse transmission.
  • Engaging in electrochemical modeling to explore the interactions between electric fields and chemical processes.
  • Investigating fluid-structure interactions with mass transport and reactions, crucial for understanding physiological and engineering systems.

These projects demonstrate his commitment to addressing complex problems through interdisciplinary approaches that bridge mathematics with biological and physical sciences.

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