Determination of plasma protein binding of dalbavancin.

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Dalbavancin is a lipoglycopeptide with a long half-life, making it a promising treatment for infections requiring prolonged therapy, such as complicated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. Free drug concentration is a critical consideration with prolonged treatment, since free concentration-time profiles may best correlate with therapeutic effect. In support of future clinical trials, we aimed to develop a reliable and reproducible assay for measuring free dalbavancin concentrations.


The ultracentrifugation technique was used to determine free dalbavancin concentrations in plasma at two concentrations (50 and 200 mg/L) in duplicate. Centrifuge tubes and pipette tips were treated for 24 h before use with Tween 80 to assess adsorption. Dalbavancin concentrations were analysed from the plasma samples (total) and middle layer samples (free) by LC/MS/MS with isotopically labelled internal standard. Warfarin served as a positive control with known high protein binding.


Measurement of free dalbavancin was sensitive to adsorption onto plastic. Treatment of tubes and pipette tips with ≥2% Tween 80 effectively prevented drug loss during protein binding experiments. By the ultracentrifugation method, dalbavancin's protein binding was estimated to be approximately 99%.


Dalbavancin has very high protein binding. Given dalbavancin's high protein binding, accurate measurement of free dalbavancin concentrations should be a key consideration in future exposure-response studies, especially clinical trials. Future investigations should confirm if the active fraction is best predicted by the free or total fraction.





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Turner, Nicholas A, Allan Xu, Smitha Zaharoff, Thomas L Holland and Thomas P Lodise (2022). Determination of plasma protein binding of dalbavancin. The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 77(7). pp. 1899–1902. 10.1093/jac/dkac131 Retrieved from

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Nicholas Turner

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Thomas Lawrence Holland

Associate Professor of Medicine

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