Macrophage cells secrete factors including LRP1 that orchestrate the rejuvenation of bone repair in mice.

Abstract

The pace of repair declines with age and, while exposure to a young circulation can rejuvenate fracture repair, the cell types and factors responsible for rejuvenation are unknown. Here we report that young macrophage cells produce factors that promote osteoblast differentiation of old bone marrow stromal cells. Heterochronic parabiosis exploiting young mice in which macrophages can be depleted and fractionated bone marrow transplantation experiments show that young macrophages rejuvenate fracture repair, and old macrophage cells slow healing in young mice. Proteomic analysis of the secretomes identify differential proteins secreted between old and young macrophages, such as low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (Lrp1). Lrp1 is produced by young cells, and depleting Lrp1 abrogates the ability to rejuvenate fracture repair, while treating old mice with recombinant Lrp1 improves fracture healing. Macrophages and proteins they secrete orchestrate the fracture repair process, and young cells produce proteins that rejuvenate fracture repair in mice.

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1038/s41467-018-07666-0

Publication Info

Vi, Linda, Gurpreet S Baht, Erik J Soderblom, Heather Whetstone, Qingxia Wei, Bridgette Furman, Vijitha Puviindran, Puviindran Nadesan, et al. (2018). Macrophage cells secrete factors including LRP1 that orchestrate the rejuvenation of bone repair in mice. Nature communications, 9(1). p. 5191. 10.1038/s41467-018-07666-0 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17833.

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Scholars@Duke

Baht

Gurpreet Baht

Assistant Professor in Orthopaedic Surgery
Soderblom

Erik James Soderblom

Associate Research Professor of Cell Biology

Director, Proteomics and Metabolomics Core Facility

Foster

Matthew Wolf Foster

Associate Professor in Medicine
White

James Patrick White

Assistant Professor in Medicine
Alman

Benjamin Aaron Alman

James R. Urbaniak, M.D., Distinguished Professor of Orthopedic Surgery

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