Evidence2Practice (E2P): Leveraging Implementation Science to Promote Careers in HIV Research Among Students From Historically Black Colleges and Universities.



The HIV research workforce is not representative of populations most affected by the epidemic. Innovative educational programs are needed to motivate diverse student populations to pursue careers in HIV research.


The Duke University Center for AIDS Research Evidence2Practice (E2P) program is a 3-day interactive workshop that introduces students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, implementation science, and human-centered design. Participants develop 1-page action plans to increase awareness and uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis on their campus. The program was evaluated using a partially mixed-method concurrent equal status study design with pre-program and post-program surveys and in-depth interviews.


Among the 52 participating students, 44 completed the preworkshop survey, 45 completed the postworkshop survey, and 10 participated in an in-depth interview. Most participants identified as Black or African American and cisgender female. Participating in the E2P program was associated with: (1) an increase in median interest in pursuing a career in HIV research (P < 0.01) and (2) a decrease in median perceived difficulty in starting a career in HIV research (P < 0.01). Several students described that a lack of knowledge about initiating an HIV research career, a perceived lack of qualifications and knowledge about HIV science, and limited experience were major barriers to considering careers in HIV research.


The E2P program enhanced HBCU students' interest in careers related to HIV research and improved their self-efficacy to pursue such careers. On-campus educational enrichment initiatives, led by active HIV researchers and clinicians, should be a critical part of diversifying the HIV workforce.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Okeke, Nwora Lance, Kenric B Ware, Russell Campbell, Jamilah Taylor, Frances Hung, Caroline Questell, Mildred P Brickler, Ukamaka D Smith, et al. (2023). Evidence2Practice (E2P): Leveraging Implementation Science to Promote Careers in HIV Research Among Students From Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 94(Suppl 2). pp. S65–S72. 10.1097/qai.0000000000003263 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29341.

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Nwora Lance Okeke

Associate Professor of Medicine

Chi Wei Cliburn Chan

Professor of Biostatistics & Bioinformatics

Computational immunology (stochastic and spatial models and simulations, T cell signaling, immune regulation)
Statistical methodology for immunological laboratory techniques (flow cytometry, CFSE analysis, receptor-ligand binding and signaling kinetics)
Informatics of the immune system (reference and application ontologies, meta-programming, text mining and machine learning)


Hayden Barry Bosworth

Professor in Population Health Sciences

Dr. Bosworth is a health services researcher and Deputy Director of the Center of Innovation to Accelerate Discovery and Practice Transformation (ADAPT)  at the Durham VA Medical Center. He is also Vice Chair of Education and Professor of Population Health Sciences. He is also a Professor of Medicine, Psychiatry, and Nursing at Duke University Medical Center and Adjunct Professor in Health Policy and Administration at the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research interests comprise three overarching areas of research: 1) clinical research that provides knowledge for improving patients’ treatment adherence and self-management in chronic care; 2) translation research to improve access to quality of care; and 3) eliminate health care disparities. 

Dr. Bosworth is the recipient of an American Heart Association established investigator award, the 2013 VA Undersecretary Award for Outstanding Achievement in Health Services Research (The annual award is the highest honor for VA health services researchers), and a VA Senior Career Scientist Award. In terms of self-management, Dr. Bosworth has expertise developing interventions to improve health behaviors related to hypertension, coronary artery disease, and depression, and has been developing and implementing tailored patient interventions to reduce the burden of other chronic diseases. These trials focus on motivating individuals to initiate health behaviors and sustaining them long term and use members of the healthcare team, particularly pharmacists and nurses. He has been the Principal Investigator of over 30 trials resulting in over 400 peer reviewed publications and four books. This work has been or is being implemented in multiple arenas including Medicaid of North Carolina, private payers, The United Kingdom National Health System Direct, Kaiser Health care system, and the Veterans Affairs.

Areas of Expertise: Health Behavior, Health Services Research, Implementation Science, Health Measurement, and Health Policy


Amy Lynn Corneli

Professor in Population Health Sciences

A social scientist by training, Dr. Amy Corneli has conducted qualitative and mixed-method research in multiple countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, and in the U.S. She has a long trajectory of working with community partners on research with populations who are disenfranchised due to race, ethnicity, sexuality, and/or gender, and of engaging key contributors in research to inform clinical trials and practice, socio-behavioral interventions, questionnaire/scale development, and the translation of proven interventions into practice. Her current research portfolio focuses on three areas: 1) leading qualitative and implementation science research in HIV prevention and other infectious diseases (gonorrhea and COVID-19), 2) serving as a methodological investigative partner on qualitative and mixed-methods research with faculty in the School of Medicine, and 3) serving as the leader of the social science team and PI of qualitative studies for the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative, a public-private initiative between Duke University and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In addition, she is the 1) founder and Director of QualCore, a group of PhD- and master-level social scientists who provide scientific direction and interviewing and analysis expertise in qualitative research to Duke investigators, 2) co-founder and Director of The BASE (Bioethics and Stakeholder Engagement) Lab, a group of faculty and staff that partners with clinical investigators at Duke to conduct research with key stakeholders to inform the planning, conduct, interpretation, and reporting of clinical research, and 3) Director of the Duke CFAR Social and Behavioral Sciences Core.

QualCore | https://populationhealth.duke.edu/research/qualcore

The BASE Lab | https://populationhealth.duke.edu/research/base-lab

Duke CFAR Social and Behavioral Sciences Core | https://cfar.duke.edu 

Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative| https://www.ctti-clinicaltrials.org 

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