Monitoring Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Using an Implantable Hemodynamic Sensor.


BACKGROUND:Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic disease that ultimately progresses to right-sided heart failure (HF) and death. Close monitoring of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and right ventricular (RV) function allows clinicians to appropriately guide therapy. However, the burden of commonly used methods to assess RV hemodynamics, such as right heart catheterization, precludes frequent monitoring. The CardioMEMS HF System (Abbott) is an ambulatory implantable hemodynamic monitor, previously only used in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III HF. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility and early safety of monitoring patients with PAH and right-sided HF using the CardioMEMS HF System. METHODS:The CardioMEMS HF sensors were implanted in 26 patients with PAH with NYHA class III or IV right-sided HF (51.3 ± 18.3 years of age, 92% women, 81% NYHA class III). PAH therapy was tracked using a minimum of weekly reviews of CardioMEMS HF daily hemodynamic measurements. Safety, functional response, and hemodynamic response were tracked up to 4 years with in-clinic follow-ups. RESULTS:The CardioMEMS HF System was safely used to monitor PAH therapy, with no device-related serious adverse events observed and a single preimplant serious adverse event. Significant PAP reduction and cardiac output elevation were observed as early as 1 month postimplant using trends of CardioMEMS HF data, coupled with significant NYHA class and quality of life improvements within 1 year. CONCLUSIONS:The CardioMEMS HF System provided useful information to monitor PAH therapy, and demonstrated short- and long-term safety. Larger clinical trials are needed before its widespread use to guide therapy in patients with severe PAH with right-sided HF.





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Publication Info

Benza, Raymond L, Mark Doyle, David Lasorda, Kishan S Parikh, Priscilla Correa-Jaque, Nima Badie, Greg Ginn, Sophia Airhart, et al. (2019). Monitoring Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Using an Implantable Hemodynamic Sensor. Chest. 10.1016/j.chest.2019.06.010 Retrieved from

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Kishan S Parikh

Adjunct Associate in the Department of Medicine

Duke University Medical Center
Duke Clinical Research Institute


Sudarshan Rajagopal

Associate Professor of Medicine

I am a physician-scientist with a research focus on G protein-coupled receptor signaling in inflammation and vascular disease and a clinical focus on pulmonary vascular disease, as I serve as Co-Director of the Duke Pulmonary Vascular Disease Center. My research spans the spectrum from clinical research in pulmonary vascular disease, to translational research in cardiovascular disease, to the basic science of receptor signaling. 

Our basic science resesarch focuses on understanding and untapping the signaling potential of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to regulate inflammation in vascular disease. GPCRs are the most common transmembrane receptors in the human genome (over 800 members) and are some of the most successful targets for drug therapies. While it has been known for some time that these receptors signal through multiple downstream effectors (such as heterotrimeric G proteins and multifunctional beta arrestin adapter proteins), over the past decade it has been better appreciated that these receptors are capable of signaling with different efficacies to these effectors, a phenomenon referred to as “biased agonism”. Ligands can be biased, by activating different pathways from one another, and receptors can be biased, by signaling to a limited number of pathways that are normally available to them. Moreover, this phenomenon also appears to be common to other transmembrane and nuclear receptors. While a growing number of biased agonists acting at multiple receptors have been identified, there is still little known regarding the mechanisms underlying biased signaling and its physiologic impact.

Much of our research focuses on the chemokine system, which consists of approximately twenty receptors and fifty ligands that display considerable promiscuity with each other in the regulation of immune cell function in inflammatory diseases. Research from our group and others have shown that many of these ligands act as biased agonists when signaling through the same receptor. We use models of inflammation such as contact hypersensitivity and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is a disease of the pulmonary arterioles that results in right heart failure and most of its treatments target signaling by GPCRs. We use multiple approaches to probe these signaling mechanisms, including in-house pharmacological assays, advanced phosphoproteomics and single cell RNA sequencing.

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