Cardiovascular Disease Risk Management in Persons With HIV: Does Clinician Specialty Matter?

Abstract

Background

The impact of clinician specialty on cardiovascular disease risk factor outcomes among persons with HIV (PWH) is unclear.

Methods

PWH receiving care at 3 Southeastern US academic HIV clinics between January 2014 and December 2016 were retrospectively stratified into 5 groups based on the specialty of the clinician managing their hypertension or hyperlipidemia. Patients were followed until first atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease event, death, or end of study. Outcomes of interest were meeting 8th Joint National Commission (JNC-8) blood pressure (BP) goals and National Lipid Association (NLA) non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) goals for hypertension and hyperlipidemia, respectively. Point estimates for associated risk factors were generated using modified Poisson regression with robust error variance.

Results

Of 1667 PWH in the analysis, 965 had hypertension, 205 had hyperlipidemia, and 497 had both diagnoses. At study start, the median patient age was 52 years, 66% were Black, and 65% identified as male. Among persons with hypertension, 24% were managed by an infectious diseases (ID) clinician alone, and 5% were co-managed by an ID clinician and a primary care clinician (PCC). Persons managed by an ID clinician were less likely to meet JNC-8 hypertension targets at the end of observation than the rest of the cohort (relative risk [RR], 0.84; 95% CI, 0.75-0.95), but when mean study blood pressure was considered, there was no difference between persons managed by ID and the rest of the cohort (RR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.88-1.05). There was no significant association between the ID clinician managing hyperlipidemia and meeting NLA non-HDL goals (RR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.68-1.15).

Conclusions

Clinician specialty may play a role in suboptimal hypertension outcomes in persons with HIV.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1093/ofid/ofaa361

Publication Info

Okeke, Nwora Lance, Katherine R Schafer, Eric G Meissner, Jan Ostermann, Ansal D Shah, Brian Ostasiewski, Evan Phelps, Curtis A Kieler, et al. (2020). Cardiovascular Disease Risk Management in Persons With HIV: Does Clinician Specialty Matter?. Open forum infectious diseases, 7(9). p. ofaa361. 10.1093/ofid/ofaa361 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/26703.

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Scholars@Duke

Okeke

Nwora Lance Okeke

Associate Professor of Medicine

Jan Ostermann

Adjunct Associate Professor of Global Health
Naggie

Susanna Naggie

Professor of Medicine

Dr. Susanna Naggie completed her undergraduate degrees in chemical engineering and biochemistry at the University of Maryland, College Park, and her medical education at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. She conducted her internal medicine and infectious diseases fellowship training at Duke University Medical Center, where she also served as Chief Resident. She joined the faculty in the Duke School of Medicine in 2009. She is a Professor of Medicine and currently holds appointments at the Duke University School of Medicine, at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, and at the Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Dr. Naggie is a clinical investigator with a focus in clinical trials in infectious diseases and translational research in HIV and liver disease. She is a standing member of the DHHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents and the CDC/NIH/IDSA-HIVMA Opportunistic Infections Guideline. She is the Vice Dean for Clinical and Translational Research and Director for the Duke Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute.


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