Chikungunya as a cause of acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Sri Lanka in late 2006 after a 40-year hiatus. We sought to identify and characterize acute chikungunya infection (CHIK) in patients presenting with acute undifferentiated febrile illness in unstudied rural and semi-urban southern Sri Lanka in 2007. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We enrolled febrile patients ≥ 2 years of age, collected uniform epidemiologic and clinical data, and obtained serum samples for serology, virus isolation, and real-time reverse-transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR). Serology on paired acute and convalescent samples identified acute chikungunya infection in 3.5% (28/797) patients without acute dengue virus (DENV) infection, 64.3% (18/28) of which were confirmed by viral isolation and/or real-time RT-PCR. No CHIKV/DENV co-infections were detected among 54 patients with confirmed acute DENV. Sequencing of the E1 coding region of six temporally distinct CHIKV isolates (April through October 2007) showed that all isolates posessed the E1-226A residue and were most closely related to Sri Lankan and Indian isolates from the same time period. Except for more frequent and persistent musculoskeletal symptoms, acute chikungunya infections mimicked DENV and other acute febrile illnesses. Only 12/797 (1.5%) patients had serological evidence of past chikungunya infection. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings suggest CHIKV is a prominent cause of non-specific acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka.

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1371/journal.pone.0082259

Publication Info

Reller, Megan E, Ufuoma Akoroda, Ajith Nagahawatte, Vasantha Devasiri, Wasantha Kodikaarachchi, John J Strouse, Robert Chua, Yan'an Hou, et al. (2013). Chikungunya as a cause of acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka. PLoS One, 8(12). p. e82259. 10.1371/journal.pone.0082259 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12505.

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Scholars@Duke

Reller

Megan Elizabeth Reller

Associate Professor of Medicine
Strouse

John J. Strouse

Associate Professor of Medicine

My research has focused on the epidemiology, risk factors, and prevention of the pulmonary and central nervous system complications of sickle cell disease and includes retrospective and prospective cohort studies and clinical trials.  I received my Ph.D. in clinical investigation from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health for a series of studies to identify predictors of cognitive function in children with sickle cell disease.  This work has expanded to the evaluation of the interaction between environment and disease in both children and adults and the functional evaluation of adults with sickle cell disease.  My other research interests include the application of large clinical, research, and administrative databases to the study of rare hematological diseases and interventions to improve quality of and access to care for sickle cell disease. I serve on the American Society of Hematology Sickle Cell Taskforce and Sickle Cell Pain Guideline Panel and am co-chair of the American Society of Hematology Healthcare Professional Education and Training Work Group.

 

Woods

Christopher Wildrick Woods

Wolfgang Joklik Distinguished Professor of Global Health

1. Emerging Infections
2. Global Health
3. Epidemiology of infectious diseases
4. Clinical microbiology and diagnostics
5. Bioterrorism Preparedness
6. Surveillance for communicable diseases
7. Antimicrobial resistance


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