Mapping Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor-Biased Signaling Using Proximity Labeling and Proteomics Identifies Diverse Actions of Biased Agonists.

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Angiotensin II type 1 receptors (AT1Rs) are one of the most widely studied G-protein-coupled receptors. To fully appreciate the diversity in cellular signaling profiles activated by AT1R transducer-biased ligands, we utilized peroxidase-catalyzed proximity labeling to capture proteins in close proximity to AT1Rs in response to six different ligands: angiotensin II (full agonist), S1I8 (partial agonist), TRV055 and TRV056 (G-protein-biased agonists), and TRV026 and TRV027 (β-arrestin-biased agonists) at 90 s, 10 min, and 60 min after stimulation (ProteomeXchange Identifier PXD023814). We systematically analyzed the kinetics of AT1R trafficking and determined that distinct ligands lead AT1R to different cellular compartments for downstream signaling activation and receptor degradation/recycling. Distinct proximity labeling of proteins from a number of functional classes, including GTPases, adaptor proteins, and kinases, was activated by different ligands suggesting unique signaling and physiological roles of the AT1R. Ligands within the same class, that is, either G-protein-biased or β-arrestin-biased, shared high similarity in their labeling profiles. A comparison between ligand classes revealed distinct signaling activation such as greater labeling by G-protein-biased ligands on ESCRT-0 complex proteins that act as the sorting machinery for ubiquitinated proteins. Our study provides a comprehensive analysis of AT1R receptor-trafficking kinetics and signaling activation profiles induced by distinct classes of ligands.





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Pfeiffer, Conrad T, Jialu Wang, Joao A Paulo, Xue Jiang, Steven P Gygi and Howard A Rockman (2021). Mapping Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor-Biased Signaling Using Proximity Labeling and Proteomics Identifies Diverse Actions of Biased Agonists. Journal of proteome research. 10.1021/acs.jproteome.1c00080 Retrieved from

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Howard Allan Rockman

Edward S. Orgain Distinguished Professor of Cardiology, in the School of Medicine

Rockman Lab: Molecular Mechanisms of Hypertrophy and Heart Failure

Overall Research Direction: The major focus of this laboratory is to understand the molecular mechanisms of hypertrophy and heart failure. My laboratory uses a strategy that combines state of the art molecular techniques to generate transgenic and gene targeted mouse models, combined with sophisticated physiologic measures of in vivo cardiac function. In this manner, candidate molecules are either selectively overexpressed in the mouse heart or genes ablated followed by an in-depth analysis of the physiological phenotype. To model human cardiac disease, we have created several models of cardiac overload in the mouse using both microsurgical techniques and genetic models of cardiac dysfunction.

Areas of Research
1) Signaling: G protein-coupled receptor signaling in hypertrophy and heart failure focusing on the concept of biased signaling of 7 transmembrane receptors.

2) Molecular physiology: In depth physiological analysis of cardiac function in genetically altered mice to understand the role of G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathways on the development of heart failure in vivo.

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