Physical Activity, Central Adiposity, and Functional Limitations in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

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2016-04

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obesity and physical inactivity are independently associated with physical and functional limitations in older adults. The current study examines the impact of physical activity on odds of physical and functional limitations in older adults with central and general obesity. METHODS: Data from 6279 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or more from the Health and Retirement Study 2006 and 2008 waves were used to calculate prevalence and odds of physical and functional limitation among obese older adults with high waist circumference (waist circumference ≥88 cm in females and ≥102 cm in males) who were physically active versus inactive (engaging in moderate/vigorous activity less than once per week). Logistic regression models were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, smoking status, body mass index, and number of comorbidities. RESULTS: Physical activity was associated with lower odds of physical and functional limitations among older adults with high waist circumference (odds ratio [OR], 0.59; confidence interval [CI], 0.52-0.68, for physical limitations; OR, 0.52; CI, 0.44-0.62, for activities of daily living; and OR, 0.44; CI, 0.39-0.50, for instrumental activities of daily living). CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity is associated with significantly lower odds of physical and functional limitations in obese older adults regardless of how obesity is classified. Additional research is needed to determine whether physical activity moderates long-term physical and functional limitations.

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10.1519/JPT.0000000000000051

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Germain, Cassandra M, Elizabeth Vasquez and John A Batsis (2016). Physical Activity, Central Adiposity, and Functional Limitations in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. J Geriatr Phys Ther, 39(2). pp. 71–76. 10.1519/JPT.0000000000000051 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/11054.

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