Randomized Trial of Augmented Pelvic Fixation in Patients Undergoing Thoracolumbar Fusion for Adult Spine Deformity: Initial Results from a Multicenter Randomized Trial.

Abstract

Background

The optimal configuration for spinopelvic fixation during multilevel spine fusion surgery for adult spine deformity remains unclear. Postoperative sacroiliac (SI) joint pain, S2AI screw loosening and implant breakage could be related to continued motion of the SI joint with use of only a single point of fixation across the SI joint.

Methods

Prospective, international, multicenter randomized controlled trial of 222 patients with adult spine deformity scheduled for multilevel (4 or more levels) spine fusion surgery with pelvic fixation. Subjects were randomized to S2AI screws alone for pelvic fixation or S2AI + triangular titanium implants placed cephalad to S2AI screws. Quad rod techniques were not allowed or used. Baseline spinal deformity measures were read by an independent radiologist. Site-reported perioperative adverse events were reviewed by a clinical events committee. Quality of life questionnaires and other clinical outcomes are in process with planned two-year follow-up.

Results

113 participants were assigned to S2AI and 109 to S2AI + TTI. 35/222 (16%) of all subjects had a history of SI joint pain or were diagnosed with SI joint pain during preoperative workup. 3-month follow-up was available in all but 4 subjects. TTI placement was successful in 106 of 109 (98%) subjects assigned to TTI. In 2 cases, TTI could not be placed due to anatomical considerations. Three TTI ventral iliac breaches were observed, all of which were managed non-surgically. One TTI subject had a transverse sacral fracture and one TTI subject had malposition of the implant requiring removal.

Conclusions

SI joint pain is common in patients with adult spinal deformity who are candidates for multilevel spine fusion surgery. Concurrent placement of TTI parallel to S2AI screws during multilevel spine fusion surgery is feasible and safe. Further follow-up will help to determine the clinical value of this approach to augment pelvic fixation.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1016/j.wneu.2024.01.156

Publication Info

Polly, David, Greg Mundis, Robert Eastlack, Jean-Christopher Leveque, Benjamin D Elder, Christopher Martin, Roland Kent, Ryan Snowden, et al. (2024). Randomized Trial of Augmented Pelvic Fixation in Patients Undergoing Thoracolumbar Fusion for Adult Spine Deformity: Initial Results from a Multicenter Randomized Trial. World neurosurgery. p. S1878-8750(24)00177-3. 10.1016/j.wneu.2024.01.156 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/30147.

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Scholars@Duke

Shaffrey

Christopher Ignatius Shaffrey

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I have more than 25 years of experience treating patients of all ages with spinal disorders. I have had an interest in the management of spinal disorders since starting my medical education. I performed residencies in both orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery to gain a comprehensive understanding of the entire range of spinal disorders. My goal has been to find innovative ways to manage the range of spinal conditions, straightforward to complex. I have a focus on managing patients with complex spinal disorders. My patient evaluation and management philosophy is to provide engaged, compassionate care that focuses on providing the simplest and least aggressive treatment option for a particular condition. In many cases, non-operative treatment options exist to improve a patient’s symptoms. I have been actively engaged in clinical research to find the best ways to manage spinal disorders in order to achieve better results with fewer complications.


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