Oxidative stress during acetaminophen hepatotoxicity: Sources, pathophysiological role and therapeutic potential.

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2016-12

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Abstract

Acetaminophen (APAP) hepatotoxicity is characterized by an extensive oxidative stress. However, its source, pathophysiological role and possible therapeutic potential if targeted, have been controversially described. Earlier studies argued for cytochrome P450-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) during APAP metabolism, which resulted in massive lipid peroxidation and subsequent liver injury. However, subsequent studies convincingly challenged this assumption and the current paradigm suggests that mitochondria are the main source of ROS, which impair mitochondrial function and are responsible for cell signaling resulting in cell death. Although immune cells can be a source of ROS in other models, no reliable evidence exists to support a role for immune cell-derived ROS in APAP hepatotoxicity. Recent studies suggest that mitochondrial targeted antioxidants can be viable therapeutic agents against hepatotoxicity induced by APAP overdose, and re-purposing existing drugs to target oxidative stress and other concurrent signaling events can be a promising strategy to increase its potential application in patients with APAP overdose.

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10.1016/j.redox.2016.10.001

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Du, Kuo, Anup Ramachandran and Hartmut Jaeschke (2016). Oxidative stress during acetaminophen hepatotoxicity: Sources, pathophysiological role and therapeutic potential. Redox biology, 10. pp. 148–156. 10.1016/j.redox.2016.10.001 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/27512.

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Kuo Du

Assistant Professor in Medicine

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