Micro-CT imaging of multiple K-edge elements using GaAs and CdTe photon counting detectors.

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2023-04

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Abstract

Objective.To evaluate the performance of two photon-counting (PC) detectors based on different detector materials, gallium arsenide (GaAs) and cadmium telluride (CdTe), for PC micro-CT imaging of phantoms with multiple contrast materials. Another objective is to determine if combining these two detectors in the same micro-CT system can offer higher spectral performance and significant artifact reduction compared to a single detector system.Approach. We have constructed a dual-detector, micro-CT system equipped with two PCDs based on different detector materials: gallium arsenide (GaAs) and cadmium telluride (CdTe). We demonstrate the performance of these detectors for PC micro-CT imaging of phantoms with up to 5 contrast materials with K-edges spread across the x-ray spectrum ranging from iodine with a K-edge at 33.2 keV to bismuth with a K-edge at 90.5 keV. We also demonstrate the use of our system to image a mouse prepared with both iodine and bismuth contrast agents to target different biological systems.Main results.When using the same dose and scan parameters, GaAs shows increased low energy (<50 keV) spectral sensitivity and specificity compared to CdTe. However, GaAs performance at high energies suffers from spectral artifacts and has comparatively low photon counts indicating wasted radiation dose. We demonstrate that combining a GaAs-based and a CdTe-based PC detector in the same micro-CT system offers higher spectral performance and significant artifact reduction compared to a single detector system.Significance.More accurate PC micro-CT using a GaAs PCD alone or in combination with a CdTe PCD could serve for developing new contrast agents such as nanoparticles that show promise in the developing field of theranostics (therapy and diagnostics).

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10.1088/1361-6560/acc77e

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Allphin, AJ, DP Clark, T Thuering, P Bhandari, KB Ghaghada and CT Badea (2023). Micro-CT imaging of multiple K-edge elements using GaAs and CdTe photon counting detectors. Physics in medicine and biology, 68(8). pp. 085023–085023. 10.1088/1361-6560/acc77e Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/27250.

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Scholars@Duke

Clark

Darin Clark

Assistant Professor in Radiology
Badea

Cristian Tudorel Badea

Professor in Radiology

  • Our lab's research focus lies primarily in developing novel quantitative imaging systems, reconstruction algorithms and analysis methods.  My major expertise is in preclinical CT.
  • Currently, we are particularly interested in developing novel strategies for spectral CT imaging using nanoparticle-based contrast agents for theranostics (i.e. therapy and diagnostics).
  • We are also engaged in developing new approaches for multidimensional CT image reconstruction suitable to address difficult undersampling cases in cardiac and spectral CT (dual energy and photon counting) using compressed sensing and/or deep learning.



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