Management of Patients With Cystic Fibrosis and Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Using Anti-Immunoglobulin E Therapy (Omalizumab)

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2012-08-01

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Abstract

<jats:p>Omalizumab is a recombinant DNA-derived humanized immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-IgE monoclonal antibody approved for use in patients with allergic asthma. However, it is not approved for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Conflicting reports exist about the effects of omalizumab on ABPA in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We report 2 patients with CF treated with omalizumab, in whom frequency of ABPA exacerbations was markedly reduced with treatment. Additionally, hospitalizations were reduced from 5 per year to once in 18 months in the first patient and from twice to once per year in the second patient. Free IgE decreased by 87.9% after 6 months of therapy in the first patient and by 95.6% after 7 months of therapy in the second patient. Neither of the two patients had evidence of asthma. Omalizumab may be useful in treating ABPA in patients with CF, and including free IgE in monitoring the response to therapy will be helpful.</jats:p>

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10.5863/1551-6776-17.1.88

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Elmallah, Mai K, Leslie Hendeles, Robert G Hamilton, Cindy Capen and Pamela M Schuler (2012). Management of Patients With Cystic Fibrosis and Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis Using Anti-Immunoglobulin E Therapy (Omalizumab). The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 17(1). pp. 88–92. 10.5863/1551-6776-17.1.88 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29048.

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ElMallah

Mai ElMallah

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Our laboratory focuses on the control of breathing and pulmonary mechanics in murine models of several genetic diseases. These genetic diseases include Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Pompe Disease, ALS, and Spino-cerebellar ataxia Type 7. We also investigate the ability of gene therapy and neuromodulation to treat respiratory insufficiency in neuromuscular diseases. As a clinician-scientist, my goal is to bring therapy from the bench to the bedside and enhance our research at the bench through observations at the bedside.


Our clinical research focus is on the impact of novel therapies on respiratory function in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and Pompe Disease. We study the impact of recent therapies on breathing in these disorders and the impact of social determinants of health on clinical outcome measures.


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