Coordinated activation of candidate proto-oncogenes and cancer testes antigens via promoter demethylation in head and neck cancer and lung cancer.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic alterations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of solid tumors, however, proto-oncogenes activated by promoter demethylation have been sporadically reported. We used an integrative method to analyze expression in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and pharmacologically demethylated cell lines to identify aberrantly demethylated and expressed candidate proto-oncogenes and cancer testes antigens in HNSCC. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We noted coordinated promoter demethylation and simultaneous transcriptional upregulation of proto-oncogene candidates with promoter homology, and phylogenetic footprinting of these promoters demonstrated potential recognition sites for the transcription factor BORIS. Aberrant BORIS expression correlated with upregulation of candidate proto-oncogenes in multiple human malignancies including primary non-small cell lung cancers and HNSCC, induced coordinated proto-oncogene specific promoter demethylation and expression in non-tumorigenic cells, and transformed NIH3T3 cells. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Coordinated, epigenetic unmasking of multiple genes with growth promoting activity occurs in aerodigestive cancers, and BORIS is implicated in the coordinated promoter demethylation and reactivation of epigenetically silenced genes in human cancers.

Type

Journal article

Department

Description

Provenance

Subjects

Animals, Antigens, Neoplasm, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Tumor, DNA Methylation, DNA-Binding Proteins, Epigenesis, Genetic, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, Microarray Analysis, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Proto-Oncogenes, Transketolase

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1371/journal.pone.0004961

Publication Info

Smith, Ian M, Chad A Glazer, Suhail K Mithani, Michael F Ochs, Wenyue Sun, Sheetal Bhan, Alexander Vostrov, Ziedulla Abdullaev, et al. (2009). Coordinated activation of candidate proto-oncogenes and cancer testes antigens via promoter demethylation in head and neck cancer and lung cancer. PLoS One, 4(3). p. e4961. 10.1371/journal.pone.0004961 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10198.

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Scholars@Duke

Mithani

Suhail Kamrudin Mithani

Associate Professor of Surgery

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