Characterization of the ubiquitin-modified proteome regulated by transient forebrain ischemia.

Abstract

Ubiquitylation is a posttranslational protein modification that modulates various cellular processes of key significance, including protein degradation and DNA damage repair. In animals subjected to transient cerebral ischemia, ubiquitin-conjugated proteins accumulate in Triton-insoluble aggregates. Although this process is widely considered to modulate the fate of postischemic neurons, few attempts have been made to characterize the ubiquitin-modified proteome in these aggregates. We performed proteomics analyses to identify ubiquitylated proteins in postischemic aggregates. Mice were subjected to 10 minutes of forebrain ischemia and 4 hours of reperfusion. The hippocampi were dissected, aggregates were isolated, and trypsin-digested after spiking with GG-BSA as internal standard. K-ɛ-GG-containing peptides were immunoprecipitated and analyzed by label-free quantitative liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. We identified 1,664 peptides to 520 proteins containing at least one K-ɛ-GG. Sixty-six proteins were highly ubiquitylated, with 10 or more K-ɛ-GG peptides. Based on selection criteria of greater than fivefold increase and P<0.001, 763 peptides to 272 proteins were highly enriched in postischemic aggregates. These included proteins involved in important neuronal functions and signaling pathways that are impaired after ischemia. Results of this study could serve as an important platform to uncover the mechanisms linking insoluble ubiquitin aggregates to the functions of postischemic neurons.

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1038/jcbfm.2013.210

Publication Info

Iwabuchi, Masahiro, Huaxin Sheng, J Will Thompson, Liangli Wang, Laura G Dubois, David Gooden, Marthur Moseley, Wulf Paschen, et al. (2014). Characterization of the ubiquitin-modified proteome regulated by transient forebrain ischemia. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 34(3). pp. 425–432. 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.210 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/23272.

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Scholars@Duke

Sheng

Huaxin Sheng

Associate Professor in Anesthesiology

We have successfully developed various rodent models of brain and spinal cord injuries in our lab, such as focal cerebral ischemia, global cerebral ischemia, head trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, spinal cord ischemia and compression injury. We also established cardiac arrest and hemorrhagic shock models for studying multiple organ dysfunction.  Our current studies focus on two projects. One is to examine the efficacy of catalytic antioxidant in treating cerebral ischemia and the other is to examine the efficacy of post-conditioning on outcome of subarachnoid hemorrhage induced cognitive dysfunction.

Thompson

J. Will Thompson

Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Pharmacology & Cancer Biology

Dr. Thompson's research focuses on the development and deployment of proteomics and metabolomics mass spectrometry techniques for the analysis of biological systems. He served as the Assistant Director of the Proteomics and Metabolomics Shared Resource in the Duke School of Medicine from 2007-2021. He currently maintains collaborations in metabolomics and proteomics research at Duke, and develops new tools for chemical analysis as a Principal Scientist at 908 Devices in Carrboro, NC.

Moseley

Martin Arthur Moseley

Adjunct Professor in the Department of Cell Biology
Yang

Wei Yang

Professor in Anesthesiology

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