The nephroureterectomy: a review of technique and current controversies.

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The nephroureterectomy (NU) is the standard of care for invasive upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and has been around for well over one hundred years. Since then new operative techniques have emerged, new technologies have developed, and the surgery continues to evolve and grow. In this article, we review the various surgical techniques, as well as present the literature surrounding current areas of debate surrounding the NU, including the lymphatic drainage of the upper urinary tract, management of UTUC involvement with the adrenals and caval thrombi, surgical management of the distal ureter, the use of intravesical chemotherapy as well as perioperative systemic chemotherapy, as well as various outcome measures. Although much has been studied about the NU, there still is a dearth of level 1 evidence and the field would benefit from further studies.





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Barton, Gregory J, Wei Phin Tan and Brant A Inman (2020). The nephroureterectomy: a review of technique and current controversies. Translational andrology and urology, 9(6). pp. 3168–3190. 10.21037/tau.2019.12.07 Retrieved from

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