The Role of Prefracture Health Status in Physical and Mental Function After Hip Fracture Surgery.



To examine the associations of 3 measures of prefracture health status (physical function, mental function, and comorbidity count) with trajectories of physical and mental function at 1.5, 3, 6, and 12 months after hip fracture surgery.


Single-center observational study.


Singapore General Hospital (an acute hospital).


Patients aged ≥60 years who underwent first hip fracture surgery between June 2011 and July 2016 (N = 928).




We used data collected prospectively from the hospital's hip fracture registry. We used the Short Form-36 (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) as indicators of physical and mental function, respectively, collected at admission and at 1.5, 3, 6, and 12 months after hip fracture surgery. Comorbidity count at admission was the sum from a list of 10 common diseases associated with poorer physical function.


Prefracture physical function and prefracture mental function demonstrated time-varying associations (interaction P < .001 and P = .001, respectively) with postfracture physical function; the associations were small initially but increased in strength up to 6 months and stabilized thereafter. In contrast, the strength of the association between comorbidity count and postfracture physical function were time-invariant (-0.52, P = .027). The strength of the associations between all 3 measures of prefracture health status and postfracture mental function were also constant over time (0.09, P = .004, for physical function; 0.38, P < .001, for mental function; -0.70, P = .034, for comorbidity count).


The time-varying associations between prefracture health status and postfracture physical function suggest that even for patients with good prefracture health status, initial recovery may be slow. Our findings can be useful to clinicians and therapists in their prognostic evaluations and in management of patients' expectation for recovery.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Lim, Ka Keat, William Yeo, Joyce SB Koh, Chuen Seng Tan, Hwei Chi Chong, Karen Zhang, Truls Østbye, Tet Sen Howe, et al. (2018). The Role of Prefracture Health Status in Physical and Mental Function After Hip Fracture Surgery. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 19(11). pp. 989–994.e2. 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.05.018 Retrieved from

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David Bruce Matchar

Professor of Medicine

My research relates to clinical practice improvement - from the development of clinical policies to their implementation in real world clinical settings. Most recently my major content focus has been cerebrovascular disease. Other major clinical areas in which I work include the range of disabling neurological conditions, cardiovascular disease, and cancer prevention.
Notable features of my work are: (1) reliance on analytic strategies such as meta-analysis, simulation, decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis; (2) a balancing of methodological rigor the needs of medical professionals; and (3) dependence on interdisciplinary groups of experts.
This approach is best illustrated by the Stroke Prevention Patient Outcome Research Team (PORT), for which I served as principal investigator. Funded by the AHCPR, the PORT involved 35 investigators at 13 institutions. The Stroke PORT has been highly productive and has led to a stroke prevention project funded as a public/private partnership by the AHCPR and DuPont Pharma, the Managing Anticoagulation Services Trial (MAST). MAST is a practice improvement trial in 6 managed care organizations, focussing on optimizing anticoagulation for individuals with atrial fibrillation.
I serve as consultant in the general area of analytic strategies for clinical policy development, as well as for specific projects related to stroke (e.g., acute stroke treatment, management of atrial fibrillation, and use of carotid endarterectomy.) I have worked with AHCPR (now AHRQ), ACP, AHA, AAN, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, NSA, WHO, and several pharmaceutical companies.
Key Words: clinical policy, disease management, stroke, decision analysis, clinical guidelines

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