Stress Relaxation for Granular Materials near Jamming under Cyclic Compression.

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2015-10-30

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Abstract

We have explored isotropically jammed states of semi-2D granular materials through cyclic compression. In each compression cycle, systems of either identical ellipses or bidisperse disks transition between jammed and unjammed states. We determine the evolution of the average pressure P and structure through consecutive jammed states. We observe a transition point ϕ_{m} above which P persists over many cycles; below ϕ_{m}, P relaxes slowly. The relaxation time scale associated with P increases with packing fraction, while the relaxation time scale for collective particle motion remains constant. The collective motion of the ellipses is hindered compared to disks because of the rotational constraints on elliptical particles.

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10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.188001

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Farhadi, Somayeh, Alex Z Zhu and Robert P Behringer (2015). Stress Relaxation for Granular Materials near Jamming under Cyclic Compression. Phys Rev Lett, 115(18). p. 188001. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.188001 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/10942.

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