An Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in Non-operative Posterolateral Elbow Dislocations.

Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of our study is to analyze the outcomes of traumatic posterolateral elbow dislocations using patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS). We hypothesized that physical function (PF) and upper extremity (UE) scores in PROMIS will significantly improve over six months of follow-up and correlate with a positive change in the patient-acceptable symptom state (PASS).

Methods

This is a seven-year retrospective study of 165 consecutive adult patients with traumatic posterolateral elbow dislocations. Demographic information, PROMIS PF, PROMIS UE, PROMIS pain interference (PI), PROMIS depression, and PASS were recorded over six months of follow-up.

Results

At the time of injury, mean PROMIS scores were PF 41.24 (SD 11.16), UE 34.27 (SD 11.87), PI 60.44 (SD 8.07), and depression 49.82 (SD 10.42). At six months, the mean PROMIS scores were PF 39.71 (SD 9.71), UE 33.95 (SD 9.09), PI 57.35 (SD 8.59), and depression 51.43 (SD 10.62). The overall six-month changes in PROMIS scores were PF -1.53, UE -0.32, PI -3.09, and depression +1.61. At the 6-month follow-up, 41.7% responded positively on the PASS, which correlated only with PROMIS PI.

Conclusions

Among patients who improved from negative to positive response on PASS, the PROMIS PF, UE, and depression scores did not significantly improve. Only PROMIS PI correlated with PASS at the six-month follow-up; PROMIS PI significantly improved among simple posterolateral elbow dislocation patients at both short-term and long-term follow-up points. PROMIS PF, UE, and depression did not significantly differ between time of injury and short-term and long-term follow-up points.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.7759/cureus.43297

Publication Info

Carroll, Thomas J, Akhil Dondapati, Jonathan Minto, Samantha Hoffman, Warren C Hammert and Bilal Mahmood (2023). An Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in Non-operative Posterolateral Elbow Dislocations. Cureus, 15(8). p. e43297. 10.7759/cureus.43297 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/29051.

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