IL-9: Function, Sources, and Detection.

Thumbnail Image



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Repository Usage Stats


Citation Stats


IL-9 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced in different amounts by a wide variety of cells including mast cells, NKT cells, Th2, Th17, Treg, ILC2, and Th9 cells. Th9 cells are considered to be the main CD4+ T cells that produce IL-9. IL-9 exerts its effects on multiple types of cells and different tissues. To date, its main role has been found in the immune responses against parasites and pathogenesis of allergic diseases such as asthma and bronchial hyperreactivity. Additionally, it induces the proliferation of hematologic neoplasias, including Hodgkin's lymphoma in humans. However, IL-9 also has antitumor properties in solid tumors such as melanoma. The objective of this review is to describe IL-9, its function, sources, and methods of detection.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Rojas-Zuleta, Wilmer Gerardo, and Elizabeth Sanchez (2017). IL-9: Function, Sources, and Detection. Methods Mol Biol, 1585. pp. 21–35. 10.1007/978-1-4939-6877-0_2 Retrieved from

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.

Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.