Genetic variants in DDO and PEX5L in peroxisome-related pathways predict non-small cell lung cancer survival.


Peroxisomes play a role in lipid metabolism and regulation of reactive oxygen species, but its role in development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not well understood. Here, we investigated the associations between 9708 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 113 genes in the peroxisome-related pathways and survival of NSCLC patients from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) and the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility (HLCS) study. In 1185 NSCLC patients from the PLCO trial, we found that 213 SNPs were significantly associated with NSCLC overall survival (OS) (p ≤ 0.05, Bayesian false discovery probability [BFDP] ≤ 0.80), of which eight SNPs were validated in the HLCS data set. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model, two independent SNPs (rs9384742 DDO and rs9825224 PEX5L) were significantly associated with NSCLC survival (hazards ratios [HR] of 1.17 with 95% CI [confidence interval] of 1.06-1.28 and 0.86 with 95% CI of 0.77-0.96, respectively). Patients with one or two protective genotypes had a significantly higher OS (HR: 0.787 [95% CI: 0.620-0.998] and 0.691 [95% CI: 0.543-0.879], respectively). Further expression quantitative trait loci analysis using whole blood and lung tissue showed that the minor allele of rs9384742 DDO was significantly associated with decreased messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels and that DDO expression was also decreased in NSCLC tumor tissue. Additionally, high PEX5L expression levels were significantly associated with lower survival of NSCLC. Our data suggest that variants in these peroxisome-related genes may influence gene regulation and are potential predictors of NSCLC OS, once validated by additional studies.





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Publication Info

Chen, Allan S, Hongliang Liu, Yufeng Wu, Sheng Luo, Edward F Patz, Carolyn Glass, Li Su, Mulong Du, et al. (2022). Genetic variants in DDO and PEX5L in peroxisome-related pathways predict non-small cell lung cancer survival. Molecular carcinogenesis. 10.1002/mc.23400 Retrieved from

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Carolyn Glass

Associate Professor of Pathology

Cardiothoracic Pathologist and Physician-Scientist
Division Chief, Cardiovascular Pathology 
Co-Director, Division of Artificial Intelligence and Computational Pathology
Director, Duke University Hospital Autopsy Service 
Associate Director, Residency Program  

Dr. Glass completed medical residency in Anatomic Pathology at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School followed by fellowships in Cardiothoracic Pathology also at Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School and Pulmonary/Cardiac Transplant Pathology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Dr. Glass initially trained as a vascular surgeon with a focus on endovascular/interventional procedures through the 0+5 Integrated Vascular Surgery Program at the University of Rochester Medical Center from 2007-2011.  As a recipient of the NIH National Lung Blood Institute T32 Ruth Kirschstein National Service Research Award, she completed a Ph.D with a concentration in Genomics and Epigenetics in 2014.

Dr. Glass was awarded a five-year $3.2 million NIH grant to serve as P.I. of the Pathology Core as part of a larger U54 NIH grant ($13.5 million along with Duke Department of Medicine) to establish a Senescent Cell Human Tissue Mapping Center as part of the NIH Cellular Senescence Network. As a thoracic pathologist, Dr. Glass also has a special interest in identifying new epigenetic biomarkers that may predict response or resistance to conventional, targeted and immune therapy using computational techniques. She works closely with the Duke Thoracic Oncology Group, DCI Center for Cancer Immunotherapy, Duke Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and Cardiothoracic Surgery and Pratt School of Biomedical Engineering. 

Dr. Glass is the recipient of the Society of Cardiovascular Pathology (SCVP) Young Investigator’s Award, the William von Liebig Vascular Biology Research Fellowship at the Harvard Institutes of Medicine, the Duke Pathology Salvatore V. Pizzo Faculty Research Mentor Award, the Duke Department of Pathology Early Career Research Achievement Award and is author of over 90 publications (including book chapters in the recent W.H.O. Classification Tumours of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart) and 50 national presentations in cardiovascular disease, thoracic malignancies, surgery and machine learning. 

In addition to her clinical and research activities, Dr. Glass serves on the Executive/National Committees for the Society of Cardiovascular Pathology, College of American Pathology Artificial Intelligence Committee and the Duke School of Medicine Executive Admissions Committee. 


Qingyi Wei

Professor in Population Health Sciences

Qingyi Wei, MD, PhD, Professor in the Department of Medicine, is Associate Director for Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Co-leader of CCPS and Co-leader of Epidemiology and Population Genomics (Focus Area 1). He is a professor of Medicine and an internationally recognized epidemiologist focused on the molecular and genetic epidemiology of head and neck cancers, lung cancer, and melanoma. His research focuses on biomarkers and genetic determinants for the DNA repair deficient phenotype and variations in cell death. He is Editor-in-Chief of the open access journal "Cancer Medicine" and Associate Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics.

Area of Expertise: Epidemiology

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