Nationalism and forgetfulness in the spreading of thermal sciences

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© 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS This is a review of several key ideas and pioneers in the founding history of thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and heat transfer. Ideas treated in detail are the mechanical equivalent of heat, the difference between heat transfer and work transfer, the Navier-Stokes equations, natural convection in a fluid and a saturated porous medium, the gas bubble rising in a vertical tube filled with liquid, and fluid friction in duct flow. The review shows that good ideas spread and, at the same time the language and national preferences of the followers play a role in whether the idea creators are remembered or forgotten. The forgetting of the origin of ideas and their authors threatens to become a real problem during the digital era. This danger is exacerbated by the enormous increase in the number of publications most of which are not carefully reviewed or read.





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Bejan, A (2021). Nationalism and forgetfulness in the spreading of thermal sciences. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 163. pp. 106802–106802. 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2020.106802 Retrieved from

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Adrian Bejan

J.A. Jones Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Professor Bejan was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal 2018 and the Humboldt Research Award 2019. His research covers engineering science and applied physics: thermodynamics, heat transfer, convection, design, and evolution in nature.

He is ranked among the top 0.01% of the most cited and impactful world scientists (and top 10 in Engineering world wide) in the 2019 citations impact database created by Stanford University’s John Ioannidis, in PLoS Biology.  He is the author of 30 books and 700 peer-referred articles. His h-index is 111 with 92,000 citations on Google Scholar. He received 18 honorary doctorates from universities in 11 countries.

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