Prognostic significance of a complement factor H autoantibody in early stage NSCLC.

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2022-01-14

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Abstract

Biomarkers that predict which patients with early stage NSCLC will develop recurrent disease would be of clinical value. We previously discovered that an autoantibody to a complement regulatory protein, complement factor H (CFH), is associated with early stage, non-recurrent NSCLC, and hypothesized that the anti-CFH antibody inhibits metastasis. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-CFH antibody as a prognostic marker for recurrence in stage I NSCLC. A secondary objective was to determine if changes in antibody serum level one year after resection were associated with recurrence. Anti-CFH antibody was measured in the sera of 157 stage I NSCLC patients designated as a prognostic cohort: 61% whose cancers did not recur, and 39% whose cancers recurred following resection. Impact of anti-CFH antibody positivity on time to recurrence was assessed using a competing risk analysis. Anti-CFH antibody levels were measured before resection and one year after resection in an independent temporal cohort of 47 antibody-positive stage I NSCLC patients: 60% whose cancers did not recur and 40% whose cancers recurred following resection. The non-recurrent and recurrent groups were compared with respect to the one-year percent change in antibody level. In the prognostic cohort, the 60-month cumulative incidence of recurrence was 40% and 22% among antibody negative and positive patients, respectively; this difference was significant (Gray's test, P= 0.0425). In the temporal cohort, the antibody persisted in the serum at one year post-tumor resection. The change in antibody levels over the one year period was not statistically different between the non-recurrent and recurrent groups (Wilcoxon two-sample test, P= 0.4670). The anti-CFH autoantibody may be a useful prognostic marker signifying non-recurrence in early stage NSCLC patients. However, change in the level of this antibody in antibody-positive patients one year after resection had no association with recurrence.

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10.3233/cbm-210355

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Gottlin, Elizabeth B, Michael J Campa, Rikesh Gandhi, Ryan T Bushey, James E Herndon Nd and Edward F Patz (2022). Prognostic significance of a complement factor H autoantibody in early stage NSCLC. Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers. pp. 1–8. 10.3233/cbm-210355 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/25093.

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Patz

Edward F. Patz

James and Alice Chen Distinguished Professor of Radiology

There are numerous ongoing clinical studies primarily focused on the early detection of cancer.

The basic science investigations in our laboratory concentration on three fundamental translational areas,

1) Development of molecular imaging probes - We have used several different approaches to develop novel imaging probes that characterize and phenotype tumors.

2) Discovery of novel lung cancer biomarkers - We explored the use of proteomics, autoantibodies, and genomics to discover blood and tissue biomarkers for early cancer detection and phenotyping of cancer.

3) Host response to cancer - We study the native immune response to tumors as this may provide cues to relevant diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Most recently we have focused on intratumoral lymphocytes and their specific tumor antigens.

 


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