Effect of obesity on B-type natriuretic peptide levels in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.


Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are lower in obese patients with left ventricular failure than in their comparably ill, leaner counterparts. The effect of obesity on BNP in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is unknown. We reviewed our prospective PAH registry data collected from November 2001 to December 2007 for patients undergoing right heart catheterization who met the criteria for PAH and had the BNP level and body mass index determined at baseline. The median BNP level for the lean, overweight, and obese patients was 285 pg/ml (interquartile range 131 to 548), 315 pg/ml (interquartile range 88 to 531), and 117 pg/ml (interquartile range 58 to 270), respectively (p = 0.029). A greater body mass index was associated with a lower BNP level, adjusted for age, gender, New York Heart Association functional class, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and mean right atrial and pulmonary arterial pressures (p <0.001). No statistically significant differences were found among the groups in age, race, medical co-morbidities, underlying etiology of PAH, use of vasoactive medications, New York Heart Association functional class, echocardiographic parameters, or pulmonary function. Obese patients had greater right atrial and pulmonary artery pressures. Increased BNP was associated with worse survival in the lean and overweight patients only. In conclusion, the BNP levels are attenuated in obese patients with PAH despite similar or worse hemodynamics or functional class compared to lean or overweight patients and should therefore be interpreted with caution.





Published Version (Please cite this version)


Publication Info

Batal, Omar, Michael Faulx, Richard A Krasuski, Omar F Khatib, Jeff P Hammel, Ayman A Hussein, Omar A Minai, Raed A Dweik, et al. (2012). Effect of obesity on B-type natriuretic peptide levels in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Cardiol, 110(6). pp. 909–914. 10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.05.017 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/11000.

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.



Richard Andrew Krasuski

Professor of Medicine

Dr. Richard Krasuski is Director of the Adult Congenital Heart Center at Duke University Medical Center, the Director of Hemodynamic Research, and the Medical Director of the CTEPH Program. He is considered a thought leader in the fields of pulmonary hypertension and congenital heart disease. His research focus is in epidemiologic and clinical studies involving patients with pulmonary hypertension and patients with congenital heart disease. He is involved in multiple multicenter studies through the Alliance for Adult Research in Congenital Cardiology (AARCC). He has also helped to develop multiple research databases in these patient populations. He is Co-PI in the upcoming EPIPHANY Study examining the impact of medical and transcatheter interventions on RV-PA coupling in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Over his career he has mentored over 80 students, residents and fellows and has published over 300 peer reviewed publications, book chapters and meeting abstracts. He is also the Chief Editor of Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension and on the editorial boards of several leading medical journals.

Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.