Opioid treatment program prescribing of methadone with community pharmacy dispensing: Pilot study of feasibility and acceptability.

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2022-06

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Abstract

Access to methadone for opioid use disorder (OUD) in the United States remains limited to regulated and certified Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs). Collaboration between OTPs and community pharmacies would increase access to and potentially satisfaction with methadone delivery. While it remains illegal for prescribers to write, and pharmacies to dispense, methadone when the indication is OUD, the present pilot study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of using community pharmacies to dispense methadone prescribed by OTP physicians (in tablet formulation) to a subset of clinically stable OTP patients; all other treatment services were delivered within the OTP. Necessary Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) exceptions for OTP prescribers and the pharmacies, along with required Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) waiver for OTP participation were obtained. A final sample of 11 patients enrolled in the study and were followed for three months; one left treatment due to dissatisfaction with the tablet formulation. All remaining participants produced drug-negative urine specimens, attended all pharmacy visits and OTP counseling sessions, and completed the evaluation. Participant satisfaction was high. These findings clearly support the feasibility and acceptability of OTP physician prescribing and community pharmacy dispensing of methadone in a subset of abstinent OTP patients, and encourage full scale trials evaluating a broader array of OTPs, pharmacies and patients, in urban and, perhaps most importantly, rural settings.

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10.1016/j.dadr.2022.100067

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Brooner, Robert K, Kenneth B Stoller, Punam Patel, Li-Tzy Wu, Haijuan Yan and Michael Kidorf (2022). Opioid treatment program prescribing of methadone with community pharmacy dispensing: Pilot study of feasibility and acceptability. Drug and alcohol dependence reports, 3. p. 100067. 10.1016/j.dadr.2022.100067 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/25452.

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Scholars@Duke

Wu

Li-Tzy Wu

Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Education/Training: Pre- and post-doctoral training in mental health service research, psychiatric epidemiology (NIMH T32), and addiction epidemiology (NIDA T32) from Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health (Maryland); Fellow of the NIH Summer Institute on the Design and Conduct of Randomized Clinical Trials.

Director: Duke Community Based Substance Use Disorder Research Program.

Research interests: COVID-19, Opioid misuse, Opioid overdose, Opioid use disorder, Opioid addiction prevention and treatment, Pain and addiction, Chronic diseases and substance use disorders, diabetes, pharmacy-based care models and services, medication treatment for opioid use disorder (MOUD), Drug overdose, Polysubstance use and disorders, cannabis, alcohol, tobacco, hallucinogens, stimulants, e-cigarette, SBIRT (substance use Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral to Treatment), EHR-based research and intervention, data science, psychometric analysis (IRT), epidemiology of addictions and comorbidity, behavioral health care integration, health services research (mental health disorders, substance use disorders, chronic diseases), nosology, research design, HIV risk behavior. 

FUNDED Research projects (Principal Investigator [PI], Site PI, or Sub-award PI): 
R03: Substance use/dependence (PI).
R21: Treatment use for alcohol use disorders (PI).
R21: Inhalant use & disorders (PI).
R01: MDMA/hallucinogen use/disorders (PI).
R01: Prescription pain reliever (opioids) misuse and use disorders (PI).
R01: Substance use disorders in adolescents (PI).
R21: CTN Substance use diagnoses & treatment (PI).
R33: CTN Substance use diagnoses & treatment (PI).
R01: Evolution of Psychopathology in the Population (ECA Duke site PI).
R01: Substance use disorders and treatment use among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (PI).
UG1: SBIRT in Primary Care (NIDA, PI).
UG1: TAPS Tool, Substance use screening tool validation in primary care (NIDA, PI).
UG1: NIDA CTN Mid-Southern Node (Clinical Trials Network, PI).
UG1: EHR Data Element Study (NIDA, PI).
UG1: Buprenorphine Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration in the Management of Patients With Opioid Use Disorder (NIDA, PI).
PCORI: INSPIRE-Integrated Health Services to Reduce Opioid Use While Managing Chronic Pain (Site PI).
CDC R01: Evaluation of state-mandated acute and post-surgical pain-specific CDC opioid prescribing (Site PI).
Pilot: Measuring Opioid Use Disorders in Secondary Electronic Health Records Data (Carolinas Collaborative Grant: Duke PI).
R21: Developing a prevention model of alcohol use disorder for Pacific Islander young adults (Subaward PI, Investigator).
UG1: Subthreshold Opioid Use Disorder Prevention Trial (NIH HEAL Initiative) (NIDA supplement, CTN-0101, Investigator).
NIDA: A Pilot Study to Permit Opioid Treatment Program Physicians to Prescribe Methadone through Community Pharmacies for their Stable Methadone Patients (NIDA/FRI: Study PI).
UG1: Integrating pharmacy-based prevention and treatment of opioid and other substance use disorders: A survey of pharmacists and stakeholder (NIH HEAL Initiative, NIDA, PI).
UG1: NorthStar Node of the Clinical Trials Network (NIDA, Site PI).
R34: Intervention Development and Pilot Study to Reduce Untreated Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Opioid Use Disorders (Subaward PI, Investigator).
UG1: Optimal Policies to Improve Methadone Maintenance Adherence Longterm (OPTIMMAL Study) (NIDA, Site PI).
R01: Increasing access to opioid use disorder treatment by opening pharmacy-based medication units of opioid treatment programs (NIDA, PI)


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