Estimating costs and benefits of stroke management: A population-based simulation model

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2020-01-01

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Abstract

The paper demonstrates how a system dynamics approach can support strategic planning of health care services and can in particular help to balance cost-effectiveness considerations with budget impact considerations when assessing a comprehensive package of stroke care interventions in Singapore. A population-level system dynamics model is used to investigate 12 intervention scenarios based on six stroke interventions (a public information campaign, thrombolysis, endovascular therapy, acute stroke unit (ASU), out-of-hospital rehabilitation, and secondary prevention). Primary outcomes included cumulative discounted costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, as well as cumulative net monetary benefit by 2030. All intervention scenarios result in an increase in net monetary benefit by 2030; much of these gains were realized through improved post-acute care. Findings highlight the importance of coordination of care, and affirms the economic value of current stroke interventions.

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10.1080/01605682.2020.1772018

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Bayer, S, K Eom, N Sivapragasam, DAD Silva, G Choon, H Koh, KB Tan, JP Ansah, et al. (2020). Estimating costs and benefits of stroke management: A population-based simulation model. Journal of the Operational Research Society. pp. 1–13. 10.1080/01605682.2020.1772018 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22785.

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Scholars@Duke

Matchar

David Bruce Matchar

Professor of Medicine

My research relates to clinical practice improvement - from the development of clinical policies to their implementation in real world clinical settings. Most recently my major content focus has been cerebrovascular disease. Other major clinical areas in which I work include the range of disabling neurological conditions, cardiovascular disease, and cancer prevention.
Notable features of my work are: (1) reliance on analytic strategies such as meta-analysis, simulation, decision analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis; (2) a balancing of methodological rigor the needs of medical professionals; and (3) dependence on interdisciplinary groups of experts.
This approach is best illustrated by the Stroke Prevention Patient Outcome Research Team (PORT), for which I served as principal investigator. Funded by the AHCPR, the PORT involved 35 investigators at 13 institutions. The Stroke PORT has been highly productive and has led to a stroke prevention project funded as a public/private partnership by the AHCPR and DuPont Pharma, the Managing Anticoagulation Services Trial (MAST). MAST is a practice improvement trial in 6 managed care organizations, focussing on optimizing anticoagulation for individuals with atrial fibrillation.
I serve as consultant in the general area of analytic strategies for clinical policy development, as well as for specific projects related to stroke (e.g., acute stroke treatment, management of atrial fibrillation, and use of carotid endarterectomy.) I have worked with AHCPR (now AHRQ), ACP, AHA, AAN, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, NSA, WHO, and several pharmaceutical companies.
Key Words: clinical policy, disease management, stroke, decision analysis, clinical guidelines


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