Relief and Recurrence of Congestion During and After Hospitalization for Acute Heart Failure: Insights From Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARESS-HF).
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BACKGROUND: Congestion is the most frequent cause for hospitalization in acute decompensated heart failure. Although decongestion is a major goal of acute therapy, it is unclear how the clinical components of congestion (eg, peripheral edema, orthopnea) contribute to outcomes after discharge or how well decongestion is maintained. METHODS AND RESULTS: A post hoc analysis was performed of 496 patients enrolled in the Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARRESS-HF) trials during hospitalization with acute decompensated heart failure and clinical congestion. A simple orthodema congestion score was generated based on symptoms of orthopnea (≥2 pillows=2 points, <2 pillows=0 points) and peripheral edema (trace=0 points, moderate=1 point, severe=2 points) at baseline, discharge, and 60-day follow-up. Orthodema scores were classified as absent (score of 0), low-grade (score of 1-2), and high-grade (score of 3-4), and the association with death, rehospitalization, or unscheduled medical visits through 60 days was assessed. At baseline, 65% of patients had high-grade orthodema and 35% had low-grade orthodema. At discharge, 52% patients were free from orthodema at discharge (score=0) and these patients had lower 60-day rates of death, rehospitalization, or unscheduled visits (50%) compared with those with low-grade or high-grade orthodema (52% and 68%, respectively; P=0.038). Of the patients without orthodema at discharge, 27% relapsed to low-grade orthodema and 38% to high-grade orthodema at 60-day follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Increased severity of congestion by a simple orthodema assessment is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Despite intent to relieve congestion, current therapy often fails to relieve orthodema during hospitalization or to prevent recurrence after discharge. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT00608491, NCT00577135.
Published Version (Please cite this version)
Lala, Anuradha, Steven E McNulty, Robert J Mentz, Shannon M Dunlay, Justin M Vader, Omar F AbouEzzeddine, Adam D DeVore, Prateeti Khazanie, et al. (2015). Relief and Recurrence of Congestion During and After Hospitalization for Acute Heart Failure: Insights From Diuretic Optimization Strategy Evaluation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DOSE-AHF) and Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (CARESS-HF). Circ Heart Fail, 8(4). pp. 741–748. 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.114.001957 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/11021.
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I am a cardiologist with a clinical and research interest in heart failure (going from Failure to Function), including advanced therapies such as cardiac transplantation and mechanical assist devices or “heart pumps."
I serve our group as Chief of the Heart Failure Section.
I became a heart failure cardiologist in order to help patients manage their chronic disease over many months and years. I consider myself strongly committed to compassionate patient care with a focus on quality of life and patient preference.
I am the Editor in Chief of the Journal of Cardiac Failure - The official journal of the Heart Failure Society of America.
My research interests are focused on treating co-morbid diseases in heart failure patients and improving outcomes across the cardiovascular spectrum through clinical trials and outcomes research. Below, you will find my specific research interests:
- Cardiometabolic disease
- Co-morbidity characterization (diabetes, sleep apnea, renal failure) in heart failure
- Phenotypic characterization and risk prognostication of patients with heart failure
- Role of surrogate and nonfatal endpoints in clinical heart failure trials
- Biomarkers in heart failure
- Novel pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to heart failure
- Improving site-based heart failure research
Adam D. DeVore, MD, MHS
Dr. DeVore is a cardiologist and Associate Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, at Duke University School of Medicine. His clinical interests include caring for patients and families with heart failure, including those with left ventricular assist devices and heart transplants. He is involved in and leads multiple large studies of patients with heart failure at both Duke University Medical Center and the Duke Clinical Research Institute. He currently serves as the medical director of the Duke Heart Transplant program.
He attended medical school at the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine and completed internal medicine residency at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He then pursued cardiology training at Duke University and solidified his interests in clinical research and heart failure. He completed a research fellowship at the Duke Clinical Research Institute and a Masters of Health Sciences in Clinical Research before completing an advanced heart failure fellowship at Duke University.
The overarching goals of his research are to advance the current understanding of heart failure through clinical trials as well as develop an evidence base for implementation strategies that addresses the gap between heart failure trial results and clinical practice. For example, he has served on the Steering Committees for large clinical trials, including PIONEER-HF and SPIRRIT-HFpEF. Dr. DeVore also published the first clinical trial conducted within the American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure program, a registry-based cluster randomized trial of quality improvement interventions. He was also the principal investigator for CONNECT-HF, a large-scale, pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial at 161 sites in the US evaluating heart failure quality improvement initiatives. Outside of his work on heart failure, Dr. DeVore is married with 4 children and spends his time corralling them all and coaching youth baseball.
My research interests include clinical trial design, causal inference, coordinating centers, data monitoring, and pragmatic clinical research.
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