Gluteal compartment syndrome with sciatic nerve palsy caused by traumatic rupture of the inferior gluteal artery: a successful surgical treatment.

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Gluteal compartment syndrome is a rare entity, usually caused by direct trauma. This occurrence with sciatic nerve palsy caused by inferior gluteal artery laceration and compressive haematoma has not been reported in the literature. We describe such a case treated successfully by urgent surgical decompression and resolution of the sciatic nerve palsy. A man aged 41 years sustained blunt trauma to the right gluteal region causing a rupture of the inferior gluteal artery, gluteal compartment syndrome and rapidly progressive sciatic nerve palsy. The condition was treated urgently with interventional radiology, open surgical decompression and debridement. Recovery was complicated by recurrent haematoma formation, treated successfully with subsequent complete resolution of the sciatic nerve palsy. A review of the literature of traumatic gluteal compartment syndrome is presented with discussion of the clinical diagnosis, multidisciplinary treatment and recommendations for treatment of this injury.





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Rocos, Brett, and Anthony Ward (2017). Gluteal compartment syndrome with sciatic nerve palsy caused by traumatic rupture of the inferior gluteal artery: a successful surgical treatment. BMJ case reports, 2017. p. bcr2016216709. 10.1136/bcr-2016-216709 Retrieved from

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Brett Rocos

Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I joined the team at Duke University Health from London, UK, where I was a Consultant Adult and Paediatric Spine Surgeon at Barts Health NHS Trust and Honorary Consultant Senior Lecturer at Queen Mary University of London. I completed my surgical training in in the South West of the UK and at the University of Toronto, and am fellowship trained in adult spine surgery, paediatric spine surgery, orthopaedic trauma surgery, research and healthcare management.

I am driven to support patients at every stage of their care, from clinic assessment, through surgery to discharge. Making sure that every person, adult, child, family or friend understands what’s wrong, helping them to choose the right treatment for them, and what the recovery will be like is an important priority.

My research activity focusses on finding effective new treatments for spinal disorders and bringing them to patients. Focusing on spinal deformity, I have led investigations in the UK, Canada and the USA, and I sit on the Global AO Knowledge Forum for Deformity and the Research Grants Committee at the Scoliosis Research Society. I have lectured in North America and Europe about the treatment of spine disorders for the Scoliosis Research Society, Global Spine Congress, AO Spine and Eurospine, and I have worked hard to produce research that improves the care for spine patients wherever they live. Lastly, I review for several orthopaedic journals and I am Deputy Editor of the Bone and Joint 360, a leading publication with a global readership.

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