Geographic analysis of latent tuberculosis screening: A health system approach.

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2020-01

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Abstract

Background

Novel approaches are required to better focus latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) efforts in low-prevalence regions. Geographic information systems, used within large health systems, may provide one such approach.

Methods

A retrospective, cross-sectional design was used to integrate US Census and Duke Health System data between January 1, 2010 and October 31, 2017 and examine the relationships between LTBI screening and population tuberculosis risk (assessed using the surrogate measure of proportion of persons born in tuberculosis-endemic regions) by census tract.

Results

The median proportion of Duke patients screened per census tract was 0.01 (range 0-0.1, interquartile range 0.01-0.03). The proportion of Duke patients screened within a census tract significantly but weakly correlated with the population risk. Furthermore, patients residing in census tracts with higher population tuberculosis risk were more likely to be screened with TST than with an IGRA (p<0.001).

Conclusion

The weak correlation between patient proportion screened for LTBI and our surrogate marker of population tuberculosis risk suggests that LTBI screening efforts should be better targeted. This type of geography-based analysis may serve as an easily obtainable benchmark for LTBI screening in health systems with low tuberculosis prevalence.

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Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1371/journal.pone.0242055

Publication Info

Bonnewell, John P, Laura Farrow, Kristen V Dicks, Gary M Cox and Jason E Stout (2020). Geographic analysis of latent tuberculosis screening: A health system approach. PloS one, 15(11). p. e0242055. 10.1371/journal.pone.0242055 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/23885.

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Scholars@Duke

Dicks

Kristen V. Dicks

Associate Professor of Medicine
Cox

Gary Matthew Cox

Professor of Medicine
Stout

Jason Eric Stout

Professor of Medicine

My research focuses on the epidemiology, natural history, and treatment of tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. I am also interested in the impact of HIV infection on mycobacterial infection and disease, and in examining health disparities as they relate to infectious diseases, particularly in immigrant populations.


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